The original game was invented by Harry E. Gavitt and published in 1903 by Gavitt Publishing and Printing. In that game players deal and trade cards to corner the railway stock market. Be the first to get all the cards of one railway line, call out “Topeka” and you’ll win the hand!
But Pit, the more famous version, adapted by noted psychic Edgar Cayce, was first published by Parker Brothers in 1904 and in many editions since. In this loud, real-time trading game, players are given the task of cornering the market in one type of commodity. There are as many suits as there are players, and all the cards are dealt out at the start of each round. When the trading begins, players offer sets of cards to each other in the hopes of completing a set for themselves. If you're successful, you ring the (optional)bell and yell out, "Corner on wheat!" (or whatever your commodity is). You then score points depending on which it was - some are more valuable than others. Two cards labeled Bull and Bear may be used to add wild/penalty cards to the gameplay.
Most editions support up to 8 players, but at least one allows up to 10.
Except for the classic version, each deck consists of 74 cards with nine cards each of each different commodity, plus the Bull and Bear cards. The classic version only has seven commodities and 65 cards total. The types of specific commodities have varied over the various editions of the game. The differing values result in some lower-valued cards bringing fewer points if that market is cornered, but perhaps they are easier to get because more people are trying to collect higher-scoring cards.
The classic version had these cards with these 7 commodities and point values:
The modern version contains these 8 commodities with these values:
The 100th anniversary edition released in 2004 included a reproduction of the original edition as well as a brand new edition that featured 8 "modernized" commodities:
Older and Deluxe versions include a shiny orange or silver desk bell.
Here is a summary of the rules for the game. I have condensed them considerably so that when printed (back to back), they can be laminated and fit in the original box. I didn't mention a final end-game total because some people play a specified number of rounds, or play until one player has won a certain number of rounds.
Pit variant that allows large groups (even 50 players!). Adapted for American version of "Pit" from file from tallboy http://boardgamegeek.com/filepage/33061/playing-pit-with-fifty-players-or-around-that-ma
Tradução de Regras para Português.
Para as versões da Winning Moves e da REPOS
Portuguese Rules Translation
For the Winning Moves & REPOS versions