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Information
Designer
Artist
Publisher
Year Published
1992
# of Players
2
User Suggested # of Players
Best with 2 players
Recommended with 2 players
(12 voters) [poll]
Mfg Suggested Ages
12 and up
Playing Time
45 minutes
User Suggested Ages
12 and up
(4 voters) [poll]
Language Dependence
No necessary in-game text
(6 voters) [poll]
Honors
Subdomain
(15 voters) [vote]
Category
Mechanic
Primary Name
Confusion: Espionage and Deception in the Cold War
Alternate Names
Confusion
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ObjectID: 2961
Description Edit | History

A strategic two-player abstract with a heavy deduction element. At the start of the game, neither player knows how their own pieces move. Via performing attempted moves, each player tries to deduce the movement of their own pieces. As you determine how to move your pieces, your goal is to capture the neutral piece, initially located in the center of the board, and deliver it to your opponent's side of the board.

From the new Stronghold Games version, Confusion: Espionage and Deception in the Cold War:

The Cold War. A dangerous time for the world. A dangerous time to be a spy... but that is exactly what being a spy is all about. As the shadowy clouds of intrigue and subterfuge settle across the globe you have been called upon by your country to obtain the Top Secret information that will ensure your country's safety and supremacy. But not all is as it seems; your spies are difficult to control on a global scale, and even worse, there's a Double Agent in your midst who threatens the entire mission!

At the start of a game of Confusion, players aren't aware of the talents and skills their own spies possess! Your opponent can see what your spies can do, but you cannot. Your job as a wise leader is to first deduce exactly how each of your spies move, then employ your knowledge by using each spy for maximum effect. But be on alert, because your opponent has placed a double-agent in your team of spies! The first player to take the Top Secret Briefcase from the middle of the board and deliver it to his opponent's capital is the winner.

Can you achieve your goals at the expense of your opponent, or will the entire operation collapse in a sea of Confusion?

Confusion is game #1 in the Stronghold Games "Castle Line".

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Versions
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Pg. 1
Confusion: Espionage and Deception in the Cold War
Nick: 
Multilingual second edition
Publisher: Stronghold Games
Artist: David Ausloos
Year: 2011
Product Code: SG2001
Size: 12.90 x 11.90 x 2.40 inches
5.00 pounds
English, French, German, Spanishmore»
Release Date:  
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Confusion
Nick: 
German first edition
Publisher: franjos Spieleverlag
Artist: 
Year: 1992
Size:  
German
Release Date:  
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Files
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Pg. 1 of 1
6 Setup Diagram & Commentary Aid
This game aid shows the setup diagram from the rulebook on one side, and setup commentary on the other. The diagram is useful if for no other reason than to minimize handling of your rulebook. The commentary is taken from the BGG forums to suggest that it is not always necessary to match spy pieces with their corresponding setup locations. Print on both sides of a 11" x 8.5" sheet of paper and trim as desired.
English
2014-05-25
8 Confusion worksheets 8.5 x 11 Excel
Confusion worksheet in 8.5 x 11" format. Movement is represented by pips in upper left hand corner, crown in lower right hand corner. Designed for black & white printing. Uploaded the original Excel file in case somebody wants to edit it -- change the pips to a number, etc. I wanted to use sheets instead of the dry erase boards that came with the game because 1) I hate dry erase markers and 2) I wanted a smaller sheet to work with. I'm thinking that the squares are too wide, and I might go with a rectangular format in a future version.
English
2012-04-03
13 Confusion FAQ v0.9
This file is the Official Confusion FAQ v0.9 in .doc format. This is not the final FAQ, but rather pre-retail FAQ to answer some initial questions that might come up during play. We'll update this from time-to-time. Enjoy!
English
2011-06-22
72 Confusion Rulebook -- in English, French, German, and Spanish
Updated rules to Confusion in the specified languages.
English
2011-05-01
7 Re-designed worksheets
1. I think worksheets ought to be grouped by movement range. 2. I can't think of why the lock symbol is necessary 3. I also can't think of why the forward/sideways/backward movements needed to be shown in different colors 4. Promotability can be shown in an easier way than yet another symbol, like a different color
English
2011-03-24
21 confusion_24x36_V1.pdf
24" x 36" print. Contains: Rules, Board, Pads (reusable if laminated). Can even use figure 2 to print labels for cubes (approx 1"x1").
2006-07-03
9 Confusion.doc
English translation in MS Word format
2003-12-01
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Statistics
Board Game Rank: 680
Abstract Game Rank: 22
Num Ratings: 1030
Average Rating: 7.20
Standard Deviation: 1.21
Num Views: 146926
GeekBuddy Analysis: Analyze
Similarly Rated: View
Avg. Game Weight: 2.5
Fans: 60
Personal Comments: 369
Users Owning: 1602
Users Wanting: 255
Users Trading: 75 [find trade matches]
Has Parts For Trade: 0
Want Parts In Trade: 0
Price History: View
Total Plays: 2406
Plays This Month: 3
Linked Items
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Pg. 1
The Spiel at Essen 2011 - Stronghold Games
21:59
12.69 MB
2011-11-09
Session Impressions: Confusion: Espionage and Deception in the Cold War
15.04 MB
2011-11-02
Episode 9 - The One Before Ten
99:28
68.29 MB
2011-08-26
Episode 65 - Cold War
91:19
52.34 MB
2011-05-21
BGB Volume 82 - Interview with Stronghold Games
56:39
51.87 MB
2010-06-30
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