$10.00

Skat (1810)

Average Rating: 7.25/10
Board Game Rank: 1092
Strategy Game Rank: 532
Information
Designer
Artist
Publisher
Year Published
1810
# of Players
3
User Suggested # of Players
Best with 3 players
Recommended with 3, more than 3 players
(16 voters) [poll]
Mfg Suggested Ages
10 and up
Playing Time
30 minutes
User Suggested Ages
8 and up
(8 voters) [poll]
Language Dependence
No necessary in-game text
(7 voters) [poll]
Subdomain
(14 voters) [vote]
Category
Mechanic
Contained in
Family
Primary Name
Skat
Alternate Names
Alt-Berlin Skat
Alt-Hamburger Skat-Blatt
Altenburger Impressionen Skat
Altenburger Trachten Skat
Angler
BBC Pocket-Skat
Berentzen Feinste Skatkarte
Come Together
Deutsche Skat
Foto-Kartenspiel Das Wunder von Bern
Fussball Skat
Hasper Skat
Leerdammer Skatclub
Liebe ist...Skat
Loriot Skat
Lorum
Luxus Skatkarten
Miele Skat
Die Muppet Show Skat
No. 1 American Skat
Otto's Ottifanten Skat
Piccolo Skat
Pillhuhn
Pocket Skat
Das Politiker Skat
Politiker-Skat
Rote Karten
Skat 18
Skat 24
Skat 602
Skat Joker
Skat KE
Skat mit Underberg
Skat Set
Skat-Karte
Skat-Romme
Skatkarte
Скат
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ObjectID: 6819
Description Edit | History

Traditional German card game for three players played with a standard card deck (2-6 removed), roughly 200 years old. The game is based on Schafkopf, Ombre (bidding) and Tarock (remaining cards). The latest revision of rules as approved by both the Interntational Skat Players Association (ISPA) and the German Skat Association (DSkV) dates back to 1998.

A play comprises two phases: first an intricate bidding process to decide the solo player who choses the type of game to be played in the second phase, the actual playing of tricks. If he wins (takes more than half the total worth of cards in the game), the solo player alone will score points equal to the announced type of game and other modifiers (listed below); otherwise, the other two players will each score the double amount of these points. Both the bid and the final score depend on

  • type of game announced
  • combination of Jacks
  • margin of winning (score 90+: "schneider"; score 120: "schwarz")
  • (optional) declaration of margin of winning before the first trick is played
  • (optional) open play of cards
  • (optional) play with the initial hand ("hand" play)
  • (optional) doubling of scoring value: *2 ("Kontra"); re-doubling *4 ("Re"); inofficial rules allow re-doubling ad infinitum
  • exeption for the Ramsch variant including sub-variants: Highest total worth of cards taken as tricks is scored negatively; the score is doubled when one other player took no trick ("virgin"), also doubled for each passing of the remaining cards without exchanging, if the drafting Ramsch variant is applied ("geschoben"); a player may also try to "shoot the moon" by taking all tricks (consequently scores +120 alone when successful).

The solo player can choose between the following game modes:

  • Suit (one suit and Jacks are trumps)
  • Grand (only Jacks are trumps)
  • Null (no trumps, solo player only wins without tricks).

Inofficial variants:

  • The most popular variant is Ramsch, which is applied when no player bids for the solo. This game mode punishes players who likely avoid the risk of successfully bidding for the solo with an only mediocre, but possible hand. It follows the rules for Grand, but highest score loses (no partnerships!). Due to the sometimes extraorinarily high (negative) scores, Ramsch plays may strongly distort a player's total scoring for the evening, and is therefore not officially sanctioned.
  • Revolution (in three variants): bascially a Null in open play, but the counterplayers are allowed to exchange cards.

Skat gained nation wide popularity and a major development of its mechanisms in the course of the first world war. The game as it is today is a result of constant modification and refinement by countless players in the trenches of the German Western front. The current form of bidding with ascending numbers prevailed among the players, and many inofficial variants were introduced. Though first rejected by the Skat association, a lot of the so-called "trench rules" later became officially sanctioned.

The official turnament deck is a compomise that solved another dispute between the German and the International Skat Association by combining the colours of a German Suit (predominantly found in Southern and East Germany, Switzerland, Austria) with the symbols of a French Suit (predominant elsewhere in the regions where Skat is popular, foremost Northern and West Germany).

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More Information Edit | History
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Versions
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Pg. 1 of 14 » 14
Das Politiker Skat
Nick: 
Amigo German Edition 2013
Publisher: AMIGO Spiel + Freizeit GmbH
Artist: Christian Fiore
Year: 2013
Product Code: 03120
Size:  
German
Release Date: Jan 2013
Released
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Corrections
Link Image
Skat
Nick: 
VEB Deutsches Bild Edition
Publisher: VEB (Volkseigener Betrieb) Spielkartenfabrik Altenburg
Artist: 
Year: 1998
Size: 3.50 x 2.25 x 0.50 inches
German
Release Date:  
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Corrections
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Skat
Nick: 
ASS Three Deck Set
Publisher: ASS Altenburger Spielkarten
Artist: 
Year: 1989
Size:  
German
Release Date:  
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Politiker-Skat
Nick: 
ASS German Edition 1985
Publisher: ASS Altenburger Spielkarten
Artist: 
Year: 1985
Size: 3.50 x 2.25 x 0.50 inches
German
Release Date:  
View
Corrections
Link Image
BBC Pocket-Skat
Nick: 
Bielefelder German Snowman Edition
Publisher: Bielefelder Spielkarten
Artist: 
Year: 1985
Size: 3.50 x 2.25 x 0.50 inches
German
Release Date:  
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Files
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Pg. 1 of 1
3 Skat scoring summary
Two 5.5" x 8.5" player aids that contain tables of all possible bids with multipliers, ranking and values of cards, order of initial bidding, and kinds of available multipliers. Print on 8.5" x 11" paper, then cut in half.
English
2015-02-23
3 Bidding and Game Value Chart
This is the most intuitive and useful schedule of Skat bids and game values I have found. It lists not only the bidding progression, but also the suit or game the bid is associated with. Excellent for new players. For convenience, I suggest printing multiple copies at 50% zoom. Designed by Golden Section Graphics.
English
2014-01-25
1 4 Player Tournament Skat Scoresheet
An excellent score sheet for tournament scoring Skat with four players. From the New York City Skat Association.
English
2014-01-24
1 Summary sheet of contract values (base and multipliers)
This summarizes the Skat contract values in one sheet as well as bidding and card point values. It uses the International version viewable at http://www.pagat.com/schafk/skat.html
English
2013-09-14
2 Excel file for Jacks / Bauern / Buben combinations and other useful terms
This is a quick reference to show all 16 different combinations (aka with / without or mit / ohne) to determine the bidding multiplier for the 4 suits. It also has trump rank order, various names of the suits and other useful information, much of it gleaned from the German wikipedia page for Skat. Enjoy.
2008-07-15
2 Deutsche Skat.PDF
Deutsche Skat Rules
2007-06-23
7 SkatQuickReference1.0.xls
Quick reference summary of bid values, point values, card rank, and common terms.
2005-07-29
5 Michigan-Standard-Skat.txt
This Skat version was imported to Michigan around 1979 by Royal Floyd Mengot
2005-07-26
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Statistics
Board Game Rank: 1092
Strategy Game Rank: 532
Num Ratings: 573
Average Rating: 7.25
Standard Deviation: 1.71
Num Views: 37555
GeekBuddy Analysis: Analyze
Similarly Rated: View
Avg. Game Weight: 2.7
Fans: 34
Personal Comments: 198
Users Owning: 779
Users Wanting: 11
Users Trading: 8 [find trade matches]
Has Parts For Trade: 0
Want Parts In Trade: 0
Price History: View
Total Plays: 5627
Plays This Month: 28
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