John Holbrook Vance (August 28, 1916 - May 26, 2013) was an American fantasy and science fiction author who won the Hugo, Nebula, Jupiter, Edgar, and other awards. The Dying Earth Role Playing Game was based on his Dying Earth fantasies. Vance worked as an electrician at Pearl Harbor for 56 cents an hour, leaving a month before the attack. In 1943, he memorized an eye chart and joined the Merchant Marines. Boating became one of his favorite recreations and writing themes.