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Wargaming the 1990s
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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For most of us, the Nineties feel like yesterday. It's a decade that saw the end of the Cold War and is generally considered a peaceful decade, yet was marred by wars in the Middle East and the Balkans. Wargaming is just beginning to cover the battles of the 1990s.

This list is about wargames and consims that cover historical military and political conflicts of the 1990s. This list is open to games that simulate actual conflicts from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 2000.

Please, no hypothetical wars. I was going to ask for no hypothetical conflicts, but many of the most interesting 1990s wargames on BGG were hypothetical invasions and escalations within the context of actual wars. I've included some here. Since the Nineties weren't that long ago, the jury is still out on why things happened the way they did, and the ambiguity leaves plenty of room for "what-if" speculation.
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1. Board Game: The Balkans 1999 [Average Rating:8.00 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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An exaggerated escalation of the Balkan War in 1999.
 
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2. Board Game: Ambush Alley: Day of the Rangers [Average Rating:7.88 Unranked] [Average Rating:7.88 Unranked]
Paolo Robino
Italy
Dueville
Vicenza
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Another treatment of the 1993 facts in Mogadishu, in the form of a scenario booklet for miniature game Ambush Alley.
 
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3. Board Game: Liberia: Descent Into Hell – The Liberian Civil War 1989-1996 [Average Rating:7.84 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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Liberia, a west African nation created in the 1840s by freed American slaves, underwent a civil war throughout the 1990s. Here's a game about that subject, and the few opinions it has gathered appear to be good ones.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Liberian_Civil_War
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4. Board Game: Lock 'n Load: A Day of Heroes [Average Rating:7.67 Overall Rank:1746]
Paolo Robino
Italy
Dueville
Vicenza
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Mogadishu, 3rd October 1993. Lock 'n Load system, with something that's not so common for hex & counter wargames: squares instead of hexes (it's a 'square & counters' wargame indeed).
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5. Board Game: El Salvador 1992 [Average Rating:7.50 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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In 1992, the El Salvadoran government entered peace talks with the FMLN rebels. This game covers the conflict that would have begun had those peace talks failed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapultepec_Peace_Accords
 
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6. Board Game: Shining Path: The Struggle for Peru [Average Rating:6.96 Unranked]
Brian Train
Canada
Victoria
British Columbia
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Began in the 1980s but ran well into the 1990s; still sputtering away in fact.
 
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7. Board Game: Into a Bear Trap: The Battle for Grozny, January 1995 [Average Rating:6.58 Overall Rank:5708]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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Somebody pointed out this Chechnya game I missed.
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8. Board Game: Chechnya [Average Rating:6.50 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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[q="Lawrence Hung"]A game on the second greatest tragedy on earth 2004: Chechnya. The gas war on the Russian civilians and the crushing of the rebels by the Russian heavy tanks... The first one is Afghanistan.
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9. Board Game: Red Sky Morning [Average Rating:6.36 Overall Rank:7086]
David Heldt
United States
Harper Woods
Michigan
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Ultra-nationalists come to power in Japan and, in the wake of the USSR's collapse, buy the Soviet navy. After replacing the Soviet electronics with their own(giving some ships "stealth" capability), Japan then embarks upon a Pacific naval showdown with the United States--
 
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10. Board Game: Little Stalingrad Komsomolskoye March 2000 [Average Rating:6.33 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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Chechnya proved to be a thorn in the Russian Federation's side for most of the Nineties. This game covers a battle in early 2000 A.D. during the 2nd Chechen War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Chechen_War
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11. Board Game: Congo's War [Average Rating:6.14 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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game description wrote:
This wargame simulates the events that occurred between August of 1999 and November of 1999, in Central Africa.
The game is divided in turns, each turn corresponds to one week of real time. The totality of the events that this wargame intends to represent are between 2nd August 98 and the 14th of November 1998, therefore 15 game turns."


The 2nd Congo War:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Congo_War
 
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12. Board Game: Phase Line Smash [Average Rating:6.02 Overall Rank:7180]
M. Kirschenbaum
United States
College Park
Maryland
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One of several Gulf War games missing from the list.
 
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13. Board Game: Mogadishu, Somalia, 1993 [Average Rating:6.00 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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[q="game description"]Designed as part of an MA course in War Studies with King's College London, this game covers the battle in Mogadishu on 3 Oct 1993 between US forces and Somali militia.

The game begins at about 4.20 p.m., after Black Hawk Super 61 was shot down, and the US must then extract themselves with their prisoners and the US helicopter crew, while the Somalis aim to prevent that.

Availability: www.kcl.ac.uk/schools/sspp/ws/consim.html
Price: FREE
 
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14. Board Game: Greenline: Chechnya [Average Rating:5.77 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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[q="Peter Bogdasarian"]As far as I remember, a deep problem existed with the Chechen reinforcement placement, wherein the Chechens could easily appear on the Soviet supply lines, cutting off their drive into the country. If the Soviet player attempted to avoid this by garrisoning every hex of his supply line, then he rapidly ran out of units.
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15. Board Game: Somalia Interventions [Average Rating:5.73 Unranked]
Brian Train
Canada
Victoria
British Columbia
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16. Board Game: Desert Storm: The Mother of All Battles [Average Rating:5.71 Overall Rank:8314]
David Heldt
United States
Harper Woods
Michigan
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The XTR version of the Gulf War, with optional Death Ray and Godzilla counters--
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17. Board Game: Balkan Hell [Average Rating:5.62 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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game description wrote:
Balkan Hell: Bosnia-Herzegovina is a "what-if" simulation of intensified fighting that could have occurred in 1995 in the heart of the former Yugoslavia if the peace process had failed. It posits a campaign of about two weeks.
 
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18. Board Game: Day of the Rangers (Mogadishu 1993) [Average Rating:5.33 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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This abstract wargame covers the action in Mogadishu, Somalia. It's a free print-n-play, too.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mogadishu_%281993%29
 
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19. Board Game: Arabian Nightmare: The Kuwait War [Average Rating:4.95 Overall Rank:10207]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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[q="game description"]Arabian Nightmare : The Kuwait War (ANKW) was designed and published while the late 1990 events in Kuwait were still unfolding, so in effect it was a near-future game which became an historical game within a few months.

The game has one map and 300 counters. The map covers the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, the eastern part of Iraq and its border with Iran. Scale is 1-3 per Military Action Segment and 4-6 days per Political Action Segment (a full turn is 2 MAS and 1 PAS, so 6-12 days total). Units are ranging from battalions to corps, naval squadrons and air wings.

The game may be played using only the Military rules, the Political rules or both sets. There is an Introductory Game as well. There are 7 scenarios including the full campaign.

An expansion kit for ANKW called Desert Sword was published separately in 1991, adding a new map covering the western part of the Middle East to the shores of the Mediterranean plus 200 counters. The kit includes the historical Coalition offensive vs. Iraq.
 
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20. Board Game: Breakthrough at Gemehalo 1999 [Average Rating:4.50 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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game description wrote:
On February 23rd, the Ethiopian military conducted a massive assault upon the Eritrean Gemehalo fortress. Over 10,000 would attack, many would die.
The WW1 style battle was fought with many very modern weapons. The vaunted defenses of Eritrea in the Badme area had been immune to enemy attacks for years. The fall of Gemehalo would spell doom to the Eritrean defense system. The question was, would it collapse? The game comes with a 11x17"map, 280 counters and rules in which morale levels will create success or failure. Game scale is nine hourly turns, company level. This was the key battle in the war and would define the war's outcome in the weeks that would follow. One side would break and run but which one?


Here's more on that conflict:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrean%E2%80%93Ethiopian_War
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21. Board Game: Operation Nabopolassar: Kuwait 1991 [Average Rating:3.60 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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'game description wrote:
The game represents a hypothetical attack by coalition forces on Iraqi positions during the Gulf War.


Okay, so it's hypothetical, but at least it's still within the context of the real Gulf War. There wasn't much else to go on with this spartan game entry.
 
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22. Board Game: Rune Blade's Gulf War 1991 [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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This game takes the 1991 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and turns it into a global hot war between the USA and the USSR. Hey, it could have happened.

Also, it uses the components from Axis & Allies.
 
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23. Board Game: Assault on Kuwait City [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Ryan Hackel
United States
Falls Church
Virginia
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game description wrote:
The designer of this game has taken it upon himself to devise an exercise for actual Military Command Staff Officers (and supposedly to introduce them to the horrifying aspects of modern Airmobile Infantry Operations).
 
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