Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli or Il Botticello "The Little Barrel", (c. 1445 - May 17, 1510) was an Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance.
He is probably best known for his work The Birth of Venus. His paintings Primavera, Venus and Mars, and Pallas and the Centaur are also quite famous.
In 1481, the pope summoned him and other prominent artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. In 1504, he was a member of the committee appointed to decide where Michelangelo's David would be placed. When he died in 1510, he was buried at the Church of Ognissanti in Florence at her feet Simonetta Vespucci, a married noblewoman who according to legend had served as the model for The Birth of Venus.