Timur, also known as Tamerlane, (April 8, 1336 - February 18, 1405) was a 14th century conqueror of Southwest-Central Asia and founder of the Timurid Empire and Timurid dynasty (1370-1405).
He is said to have created Tamerlane Chess, a variant of medieval chess called Shatranj which is played on a larger board with several additional pieces and an original method of pawn promotion.
Timur also became known as a patron to the arts with much of his commissioned architecture still standing in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
He was the great-great-grandfather of Babur, the founder of the Mughal Dynasty, which survived until 1857 as the Mughal Empire in India. And further the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Akbar who is also listed in the database as a board game designer.