Ephraim Kishon (August 23, 1924 Budapest, Hungary – January 29, 2005 Appenzell, Switzerland), born with the name Ferenc Hoffmann, was an Israeli game designer who was famous as a writer and film director, earning two Academy Award nominations for best foreign language film and three Golden Globe Award nominations. During World War II, he was imprisoned in several concentration camps. At one camp his chess talent helped him survive as the camp commandant was looking for an opponent. He was a life-long chess enthusiast. In 1990, a German chess computer manufacturer named a computer chess game after him.