George Swinnerton Parker (December 12, 1866 - September 26, 1952) is an American game designer who founded the game company Parker Brothers in 1883 in his hometown of Salem, Massachusetts. The company was initially named the George S. Parker and Company. He developed over 100 games for Parker Brothers. In 1933, he became chairman of the board of Parker Brothers.
Born in Salem, Massachusetts, he was the youngest of three brothers. As a boy he was described as a passionate dreamer who loved to play and make up games. The family's favorite game was a game that he modified called Banking. The players borrow money from the bank and try to make money by guessing how well they could do. The game was so well-liked by his friends and brothers, that his older brother, Charles pushed him into publishing it when he was sixteen years-old.
George Swinnerton Parker passed away in Boston, Massachusetts, on September 26, 1952, at the age of 86. He was buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery in Salem, the town of his birth.
Note: This person is different than George Safford Parker (November 1, 1863 - July 19, 1937) who founded the Parker Pen Company in 1888 -- the same year that George Swinnerton Parker's Geo. S. Parker Company changed its name to Parker Brothers. This is a different entry than his company Geo. S. Parker.