Primary Name
World War 2: Battle of the Bulge
Alternate Names
 Customize View
xml RSS Feed 
Facebook Twitter Delicious Google
ObjectID: 25084
Description Edit | History

The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe. The surprise attack caught the Allied forces completely off guard and became the costliest battle in terms of casualties for the United States, whose forces bore the brunt of the attack. It also severely depleted Germany's war-making resources.

The battle was known by different names. The Germans referred to it as Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein ("Operation Watch on the Rhine"), while the French named it the Bataille des Ardennes ("Battle of the Ardennes"). The Allies called it the Ardennes Counteroffensive. The phrase "Battle of the Bulge" was coined by contemporary press to describe the way the Allied front line bulged inward on wartime news maps[and became the best known name for the battle.

The German offensive was supported by several subordinate operations known as Unternehmen Bodenplatte, Greif, and Währung. Germany's goal for these operations was to split the British and American Allied line in half, capture Antwerp, and then proceed to encircle and destroy four Allied armies, forcing the Western Allies to negotiate a peace treaty in the Axis Powers' favour. Once that was accomplished, Hitler could fully concentrate on the eastern theatre of war.

The offensive was planned with the utmost secrecy, minimizing radio traffic and moving troops and equipment under cover of darkness. The Third U.S. Army's intelligence staff predicted a major German offensive, and Ultra indicated that a "substantial and offensive" operation was expected or "in the wind", although a precise date or point of attack could not be given. Aircraft movement from the Russian Front and transport of forces by rail, both to the Ardennes, was noticed but not acted upon, according to a report later written by Peter Calvocoressi and F. L. Lucas at the codebreaking centre Bletchley Park.

Near-complete surprise was achieved by a combination of Allied overconfidence, preoccupation with Allied offensive plans, and poor aerial reconnaissance. The Germans attacked a weakly defended section of the Allied line, taking advantage of heavily overcast weather conditions, which grounded the Allies' overwhelmingly superior air forces. Fierce resistance on the northern shoulder of the offensive around Elsenborn Ridge and in the south around Bastogne blocked German access to key roads to the northwest and west that they counted on for success; columns that were supposed to advance along parallel routes found themselves on the same roads. This and terrain that favoured the defenders threw the German advance behind schedule and allowed the Allies to reinforce the thinly placed troops. Improved weather conditions permitted air attacks on German forces and supply lines, which sealed the failure of the offensive. In the wake of the defeat, many experienced German units were left severely depleted of men and equipment, as survivors retreated to the defenses of the Siegfried Line.

The battle involved about 610,000 American men, of whom some 89,000 were casualties,[15] including 19,000 killed. It was the largest and bloodiest battle fought by the United States in World War II.

More Information Edit | History
This page does not exist. You can edit this page to create it.
Linked Items Relationship: Board Games
Sort: Category: Mechanic:
Pg. 1 of 9 » 9
Rank 14386
Num Ratings 60
Average Rating 5.50
Average Weight 2.09
Num Owned 216
Prev. Owned 38
For Trade 21
Want in Trade 4
Wishlist 7
Comments 38
Year Published 2003
Rank 3382
Num Ratings 300
Average Rating 7.11
Average Weight 2.87
Num Owned 760
Prev. Owned 115
For Trade 28
Want in Trade 25
Wishlist 55
Comments 131
Year Published 1994
Rank 1560
Num Ratings 516
Average Rating 7.98
Average Weight 3.67
Num Owned 1752
Prev. Owned 186
For Trade 39
Want in Trade 107
Wishlist 424
Comments 287
Year Published 2003
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 27
Average Rating 6.89
Average Weight 2.67
Num Owned 203
Prev. Owned 5
For Trade 8
Want in Trade 4
Wishlist 3
Comments 17
Year Published 2003
Rank 10187
Num Ratings 76
Average Rating 6.38
Average Weight 2.60
Num Owned 198
Prev. Owned 36
For Trade 11
Want in Trade 6
Wishlist 15
Comments 46
Year Published 1973
Rank 9172
Num Ratings 103
Average Rating 6.11
Average Weight 3.21
Num Owned 134
Prev. Owned 37
For Trade 3
Want in Trade 2
Wishlist 6
Comments 23
Year Published 1992
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 5
Average Rating 7.00
Average Weight 0.00
Num Owned 29
Prev. Owned 0
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 2
Wishlist 4
Comments 2
Year Published 2012
Rank 13211
Num Ratings 61
Average Rating 5.64
Average Weight 2.58
Num Owned 190
Prev. Owned 36
For Trade 15
Want in Trade 6
Wishlist 4
Comments 47
Year Published 1982
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 24
Average Rating 6.25
Average Weight 2.20
Num Owned 118
Prev. Owned 23
For Trade 14
Want in Trade 1
Wishlist 5
Comments 25
Year Published 2004
Rank 2550
Num Ratings 756
Average Rating 6.74
Average Weight 2.66
Num Owned 1702
Prev. Owned 268
For Trade 76
Want in Trade 46
Wishlist 165
Comments 284
Year Published 2006
Thumbs Up
1 « Pg. {{module.params.pageid}} » {{data.config.endpage}}
No images found
Thumbs Up
{{data.config.moduletitle}} Relationship:
[] [Forums »] [Post »] [Search »]
1 « Pg. {{module.params.pageid}} » {{data.config.endpage}}
No threads found
{{thread.numrecommend}} {{thread.subject}}
Last Post {{thread.lastpostdate|truncate:"10"}} Posted {{thread.postdate|truncate:"10"}}
{{thread.user.username|truncate:"10"}} {{thread.numposts-1}}
Thumbs Up
{{data.config.moduletitle}} Relationship:
[] [Forums »] [Post »] [Search »]
1 « Pg. {{module.params.pageid}} » {{data.config.endpage}}
No threads found
{{thread.numrecommend}} {{thread.subject}}
Last Post {{thread.lastpostdate|truncate:"10"}} Posted {{thread.postdate|truncate:"10"}}
{{thread.user.username|truncate:"10"}} {{thread.numposts-1}}
Thumbs Up
1 « Pg. {{module.params.pageid}} » {{data.config.endpage}}
No posts found
{{post.numpositive}} {{post.title}}
Thumbs Up
[Browse »] [Summary »]
1 « Pg. {{module.params.pageid}} » {{data.config.endpage}}
No lists found
{{list.numpositive}} {{list.title}} {{list.username|truncate:"10"}} {{list.numitems}}
{{list.lastreplydate|truncate:"10"}} {{list.postdate|truncate:"10"}}
Front Page | Welcome | Contact | Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | Advertise | Support BGG | Feeds RSS
Geekdo, BoardGameGeek, the Geekdo logo, and the BoardGameGeek logo are trademarks of BoardGameGeek, LLC.