Games for Sighted People to play with Blind People with Modification
Sarah Reed
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Rancho Cordova
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This is a companion Geeklist to Games for Sighted People to play with Blind People w/o Modifying and is being posted due to a request for information on games that can be modified to play with blind people.

Since I don't personally modify board games, I've opened this list to everyone. If you've modified a game to play with blind folks, please add the board game and specify the following:
1. What obstacles are there for blind people to play this game.
2. What modifications you did to enable blind people to play the game.
3. If possible, include photos of the modifications.

Other than the above, feel free to add any other information you'd like about the modifications and how it plays.

Thank you in advance for helping to make this great hobby more accessible!
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1. Board Game: Backgammon [Average Rating:6.53 Overall Rank:1098]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Adapted backgammon sets are available commercially. Some use differently shaped pieces (e.g., round and square). Others add dots/marks to one set of pieces, or drill holes in one set of pieces.

But if you want to adapt your own set, you could get a set of tactile ("braille") dice and mark one set of pieces. Many backgammon sets have raised points that can be felt by blind players.
 
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2. Board Game: Battleship [Average Rating:4.58 Overall Rank:15665]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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We adapted our Battleship game by adding braille Dymo labels to the rows and columns of the plastic grids, and by marking the red pegs (touching the top of each with a soldering iron) to distinguish them from the white pegs.
 
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3. Board Game: Catan [Average Rating:7.22 Overall Rank:284] [Average Rating:7.22 Unranked]
Darin McGrew
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Mountain View
California
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Catan was one of the first games we adapted, back when it was still new. (The 5-6 player expansion wasn't available in the US yet, so I bought two sets and spray-painted the pieces of the second set.)

We used braille on the cards, board hexes, number disks, and pieces. One set of pieces was left unlabeled, and that's the set my (blind) wife always plays with, because much of the time she only cares about which pieces are hers and which pieces are not hers.

To keep everything in place while she examines the state of the board, we applied Velcro to the edges of the board hexes and to the bottom of the pieces, and to the center of the board hexes and the back of the number disks.
 
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4. Board Game: Chess [Average Rating:7.09 Overall Rank:412] [Average Rating:7.09 Unranked]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Adapted chess sets are available commercially. To keep the pieces from moving around while blind players examine the board position, the pieces usually have pegs on the bottom, which fit into holes drilled into the wooden board.

The shapes of the pieces are already distinct, but to distinguish between the white pieces and the black pieces, some sort of modification is made to one set of pieces. For example, the pieces of one color may have metal pegs sticking up from their tops. Or the tops of the pieces of one color may be flattened.
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5. Board Game: Diamant [Average Rating:6.83 Overall Rank:626]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Incan Gold doesn't require much modification, as long as there is one sighted person who can read the card revealed each turn. The main adaptation is some way to facilitate the decision (continue exploring or return to camp) that all the remaining players make simultaneously each turn.

The game uses cards, but I replaced the cards with small physical tokens that fit easily inside a person's hand. [See the photo.] Small torches indicate "continue exploring", and small bedrolls indicate "return to camp". The tokens are much nicer than the cards anyway, in addition to being more accessible to blind players.

If you don't want to make tokens, then any craft store will have an assortment of wooden shapes you can use. The original game (Diamante) used only one token, with an empty hand indicating the other choice, so you could get by with only one token/coin/button/whatever per player.

While I was at it, I bought inexpensive beads to replace the black tokens (worth 5 green) and the gold tokens (worth 10 green). Again, it made the game nicer, in addition to being more accessible to blind players.
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6. Board Game: Dominoes [Average Rating:5.44 Overall Rank:15301]
Darin McGrew
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Mountain View
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Tactile domino sets are available commercially. Most are double-six sets, but some are double-nine sets. I've never seen tactile double-twelve sets.
 
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7. Board Game: For Sale [Average Rating:7.22 Overall Rank:259]
Darin McGrew
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Mountain View
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Card games are easy to adapt if you can braille the cards. We brailled the upper-left (and lower-right) corners of the property cards with two-digit numbers: 01 through 30. We brailled the upper-left (and lower-right) corners of the check cards with two-digit numbers preceded by a number sign: #00 (for the void checks) and #02 through #15. The chips don't need adapting.
 
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8. Board Game: Friday the 13th [Average Rating:6.46 Overall Rank:1459]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Card games are easy to adapt if you can braille the cards. We brailled the donut-shaped cards of the Baker's Dozen cards with one code for the "suit" (white/vanilla, pink/strawberry, brown/chocolate, and green/moldy), and another code for the numerical value (between 1 and 7).

This game has been rethemed a few times. We own the Baker's Dozen version, which uses donut-shaped cards.
 
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9. Board Game: Liar's Dice [Average Rating:6.92 Overall Rank:572]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Dice with raised pips are available commercially. The only adaptation you need for Liar's Dice is a set of these for the blind player.
 
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10. Board Game: Lost Cities [Average Rating:7.15 Overall Rank:298]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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The colors for this game are just card suits, so we used the same braille technique used on braille playing cards. In the top left corner of each card, we embossed two braille characters: one for the rank and one for the color/suit.

We labeled the ranks 2-9 with Nemeth (math braille) numbers, the rank 10 with "x" (from Roman numerals, just like braille playing cards), and the investors with "v". We labeled the colors/suits with the first letter of the color name, except for white, which we labeled with the braille "wh" symbol.

The game can be played without the board, but we always use it. We labeled the spaces along both sides using braille Dymo tape: "red volcano", "green rain forest", "white himalayas", "blue neptune's realm", and "yellow desert".
 
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11. Board Game: Love Letter [Average Rating:7.28 Overall Rank:217]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
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Since it is crucial to hide the identities of players' cards, we did not braille the cards themselves. Instead, we applied braille labels to the cards, and put the cards in sleeves. We also created a one-page braille reference sheet. The reference sheet explains the card effects in detail. The braille label identifies the number and name of the card, and includes a terse reminder of the card's effect.
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12. Board Game: No Thanks! [Average Rating:7.04 Overall Rank:392]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
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Card games are easy to adapt if you can braille the cards. We brailled the upper-left (and lower-right) corners of the No Thanks! cards with two-digit numbers: 03 through 35. The chips don't need adapting.
 
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13. Board Game: Quiddler [Average Rating:6.03 Overall Rank:2901]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
California
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Card games are easy to adapt if you can braille the cards. We brailled the upper-left (and lower-right) corners of the Quiddler cards with four braille characters: two for the letter(s) on the card and two for the point value.

For two-letter cards, we just brailled the two letters. For one-letter cards (most of them), we brailled the "letter" symbol followed by the letter itself. We used Nemeth (math braille) numbers for the card point value, with a leading zero (0) for single-digit values.
 
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14. Board Game: Traditional Card Games [Average Rating:6.55 Overall Rank:2556]
Darin McGrew
United States
Mountain View
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Braille and/or large-print playing cards are available commercially. With them, you can play any game that uses a deck of standard playing cards.
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