"101 Abstracts to Play Before you Die" - Nominations for Pre-1900 Games
Garrett the Hammer
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There are a number of books centered on the 1001 concept, such as 1001 Books to Read Before You Die, 1001 Songs You Must Hear Before You Die, or 1001 Video Games to Play Before You Die. These books provide guidelines for someone wanting to experience the essence of a particular topic. These lists are intended to be limited to simply the "best", but are intended to include items deemed essential to understanding and appreciating the topic at hand. For example, the video game Pong (see here http://www.1001beforeyoudie.com/qssUS/1001_video_games_us.ht...) would likely fail terribly in today's video game market, but it is considered such a pivotal game for being a pioneer.

This is a similar attempt to create a 101 Abstract Games to Play Before You Die as determined by BGG members. See some discussion here. This geeklist serves to take nominations for games. After the list is reasonably complete (probably in a week or so) then a separate voting on games from the list will occur.

The definition of an abstract game is subject to debate, but typically this may mean 2-player, theme-less, perfect information, no chance, etc.

Please add games you think should be included in the 101 voting.

This geeklist is only for pre-1900 games! Please only put games created or published before the year 1900 (or in the year 1900). See the sister list for post-1900 games here.

Update: List is now closed.
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1. Board Game: Alquerque [Average Rating:5.63 Overall Rank:11937]
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2. Board Game: Asalto [Average Rating:5.39 Overall Rank:12998]
Geir Erik Ø
Norway
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In Norwegian this is called "the Siege game" and it was included in many family game boxes. A classic.
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3. Board Game: Backgammon [Average Rating:6.53 Overall Rank:1088]
shumyum
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It's listed on BGG as abstract, *I* consider it abstract, but maybe you don't want to include games that are non-deterministic. You are a little vague in your intro. Some people DO say backgammon is "perfect information"...but some people don't...a matter of semantics I guess.
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4. Board Game: Bashni [Average Rating:7.57 Unranked]
Clark D. Rodeffer
United States
Ann Arbor
Michigan
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One of, if not the first stacking games.
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5. Board Game: Bizingo [Average Rating:5.50 Unranked]
Ryan James
United States
Davis
California
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According to wikipedia, created ~1850. Fairly unique for several reasons: triangularly tiled boards are fairly uncommon in abstract strategy games, as is custodial capture, and it's asymmetric.
 
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6. Board Game: Boxes [Average Rating:4.63 Overall Rank:15084]
Markus Hagenauer jr.
Germany
Surheim
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a pen and paper classic
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7. Board Game: Checkers [Average Rating:4.86 Overall Rank:15317]
Garrett the Hammer
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Rutland
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8. Board Game: Chess [Average Rating:7.09 Overall Rank:416] [Average Rating:7.09 Unranked]
Garrett the Hammer
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A standard abstract.
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9. Board Game: Chinese Checkers [Average Rating:5.08 Overall Rank:15281]
p55carroll
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Minnesota
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Dated 1893, but it's a variation of Halma, which goes back several more years.
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10. Board Game: Chivalry [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
p55carroll
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This one eventually became Camelot, but not until well after the turn of the century.
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11. Board Game: Chu Shogi [Average Rating:8.02 Unranked]
John McDonough
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New York
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Probably the most popular of the large Shogi variants. Has a following in Germany, apparently.
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12. Board Game: Colorito [Average Rating:6.34 Unranked]
Tim Koppang
United States
Westmont
Illinois
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Superior crossing game to Chinese Checkers (which I enjoy; don't get me wrong).
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13. Board Game: Fanorona [Average Rating:6.40 Overall Rank:5382]
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Approach and retreat capture; seem like obvious mechanisms but pretty underutilized in games as far as I know. Unless you count punching dudes in video games.
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14. Board Game: Fox and Geese [Average Rating:4.79 Overall Rank:15095]
Geir Erik Ø
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Should be included for it´s cultural impact as it have been played for centuries in diffrents versions all over the world.
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15. Board Game: Go [Average Rating:7.66 Overall Rank:121]
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16. Board Game: Go-Moku [Average Rating:5.95 Overall Rank:5242]
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17. Board Game: Halma [Average Rating:5.40 Overall Rank:13410]
Clark D. Rodeffer
United States
Ann Arbor
Michigan
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Chinese Checkers was already mentioned, but the 8-way movement in Halma makes for a very interesting game.
 
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18. Board Game: Hnefatafl [Average Rating:6.53 Overall Rank:2359]
Markus Hagenauer jr.
Germany
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19. Board Game: International Checkers [Average Rating:6.49 Overall Rank:5492]
Alfred Wallace
United States
Champaign
IL
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I don't think we need every member of this vast family represented, but I think this one should have its own entry.
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20. Board Game: Jungle [Average Rating:5.88 Overall Rank:8073]
p55carroll
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I don't see a date on this game, but it's described as a traditional Chinese game, and I'll bet it dates back before 1900. If I find out otherwise, I'll delete it.

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21. Board Game: Konane [Average Rating:6.27 Overall Rank:9706]
Markus Hagenauer jr.
Germany
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22. Board Game: Lightning [Average Rating:6.00 Unranked]
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23. Family: Mancala
Russ Williams
Poland
Wrocław
Dolny Śląsk
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A large family of classic games with similar rules and equipment.
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24. Board Game: Nine Men's Morris [Average Rating:5.38 Overall Rank:14964]
p55carroll
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Minnesota
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Another ancient classic.
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25. Board Game: Othello [Average Rating:6.07 Overall Rank:2383]
Russ Williams
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Wrocław
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From 1880, probably one of the most recent classics for this pre-1900 list.
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