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Subject: TS, The Cold War Rewriten rss

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simon kissam
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Okay, first off let me give my thanks to
Panda Kwong
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for giving me the inspiration from this thread Rewriting History-- the Cold War (2nd Run)-Finally Completed. I have decided to do something like that, and with little playing, much writing, and much editing I have finished my project. Now unlike sirhumphrey I didn't include the card plays, because unlike him where he was playing online where that was kept track off, I played solo. Now maybe I should have, but didn't even think about it until after I had finished Turn 2, so decided against. Anyway with out further ado here it is. (Also feel free to point out any grammatical errors because I have a feeling there's more than a few.)

Set Up

The crusade against fascism is over, now previous allies: the US and USSR fight over the world while previous colonial powers like Britain and France slowly lose their empires. But the way these two superpowers fight is not a war of men and tanks but of espionage and proxy wars, a cold war. Now, East Germany already occupied by Soviet troops becomes a very pro-Soviet independant country. Poland is also set up by the Soviets as a puppet state separate from the Polish government in exile. Finally the strategically placed Yugoslavia receives some Soviet aid. The US signs a series of treaties with the leaders of the newly independant West Germany to provide supplies for reconstructing and help fight communism. They also help Italy with reconstruction and get them to break any deals with any socialist countries, as well as working on getting the Canadian government to help the US on it’s new crusade against communism.

Turn 1 Headline Phase

The US signs a mutual defense pact with the Japanese to ensure that Japan doesn’t become communist and helps the US in eastern Asia. Meanwhile in Romania with internal and external pressure, the Romanian king abdicates and a pro-socialist government is installed.

Turn 1 Action Round 1

The Soviets demonstrate their willingness to use violence when getting leftist and nationalist leaders in Iran to an attempt an overthrow of the Shah, once the coup actually happened many supporters of the coup bails out and it failed miserably. In a different part of the world socialist Fidel Castro attempts to overthrow Batista in Cuba but the UN decides to send troops to support Batista’s regime, allowing the US to solidify it’s influence in Canada making it a full fledged ally of the US. Also after the coup d'etat attempt the Iranian government seeks American help which the US gladly gives as long as any leftist government officials are purged.

Turn 1 Action Round 2

The falling apart colonial empires began to lose grasp on the former colonies, while never technically part of the French empire Thailand had to sign many unwanted treaties with the French and so many people become left-wing for the sake of the USSR being anti-colonial. In both Laos and Cambodia most of the country is soon in communist hand and they are effectively in control, though some French troops remain, and there control is shaky. In Africa both the newly independent Zaire and Cameroon turn to the Soviets for aid to try to get their heavily exploited countries back under control. The US responds by aiding Malaysia against possible communist insurgencies and sign more treaties with South Africa. The US also provides much support to South Korea to reconstruct the war torn country as well as fight potential communism from the North.

Turn 1 Action Round 3

As Mao and the reds in China begin to win the civil war, and as the nationalists distract the US, the Soviets are able to get enough support in Afghanistan to execute a bloodless coup transforming it into a Soviet satellite. They also solidify their position in Thailand, partly democratically, partly not. Finally the Soviets and red Chinese support an insurgency in Malaysia which would have taken over the country if not for the US aid. The US then begins to start to force treaties upon Indonesia until it has become pro-US, even if the regime is shaky. Lastly, the US aids Pakistan because the US fears Pakistan will become communist after the fall of Afghanistan-and Pakistan worries that India will invade.

Turn 1 Action Round 4

In Egypt an anti-British nationalist colonel Nasser takes control in Cairo and soon the whole country, Nasser continues to the sign many treaties with the Soviets so he won’t be overthrown like his predecessor . The US then holds a conference in Rome where nothing of importance happens.

Turn 1 Action Round 5

Both the Soviets and Americans work on their space program, the Soviets attempt to get a satellite into earth’s orbit but after a couple hours it come crashing down to earth. The American scientists learning from their Soviet counterparts do successfully get a satellite into earth’s orbit and the US gets prestige among some countries trying to show free market capitalism breeds more innovation the state socialism.

Turn 1 Action Round 6

In Syria the USSR fully supports the Socialist Ba'ath party and tries to steer the party away from Islamism and towards Socialism. In Asia the Soviets help the Malayan insurgency fully take control of the government but the loyalists retreat into the country and continue to fight. The Laotian and Cambodian governments began to arm communist guerillas in Burma, who soon have control of much of the mountainous western part of the country. Then the US sponsors a popular coup in Thailand against the Socialist government, which is very successful in overthrowing the left wing government as well as getting the new government to sign economic and military treaties with the US. Many newly independent countries are afraid of the US imposing the same treaties as it did with Indonesia and the now Thailand, which many economist are saying will hurt Thailand more than help.

Turn 2 Headline Phase

The US decides that the OSS isn’t good enough and invests in a new espionage service, the CIA. This allows them to see Soviet motives, including a potential conference in Damascus to show Soviet Power in the region, they also continue to build ties with Israel, trying to deter the possible Damascus conference. After the Soviets fail to get a satellite in the atmosphere they use previous Nazi scientists to get them a satellite into space. Showing that they can adapt to the situation, gaining some prestige.

Turn 2 Action Round 1

In England spies are discovered working for Soviet Russia. This gives both the UK and US a scare and so the US focuses most of it’s attention on a “witch hunt” against anyone who may have had pro-Soviet tendencies. And so, in Iraq, as in Syria the Soviets begin heavily supporting the Socialist Ba’ath party, and try to steer them away from Islamism and towards Socialism. Then the US holds a conference in Tokyo where any leftist talk about the region is destroyed and many countries in the region begin to view the US as a much more powerful ally then the Soviets. This is a major blow in prestige for the USSR.

Turn 2 Action Round 2

Right after the Tokyo conference the Soviets held a conference in Damascus just as warned by the CIA. The conference ends up being pro-Soviet and helps them with their agenda in the Middle East, as well as showing that the US isn’t as powerful as thought after the Tokyo conference. Then, in France, the nationalist de Gaulle signs some treaties with the Soviets and spoke out against American imperialism. But, the French people were generally already against America, so little effect. Right after de Gaulle takes office much of the other sectors of the government disagreed with him and so they signed many treaties with the US, as well as the US sponsoring subtle anti-Soviet pro-American commercials and movies.

Turn 2 Action Round 3

With a little border skirmish in Kashmir and the Pakistanis winning, India looks to seek Soviet support, and get it. The US then gets a defector from East Germany to talk in France and get the people against the USSR and communism, fully solidifying France as an ally, though de Gaulle won’t give up any treaties beneficial to France with the USSR. Also in the US, President Harry Truman gives the order to support the Pinalla regime in Colombia even though it is un-democratic, and would possibly damage the US’s support from democratic countries.

Turn 2 Action Round 4

After Stalin died, Nikita Khrushchev gained power in the Soviet Union and began denouncing Stalin, alienating Finnish, Romanian and Iraqi Communists, as well as cutting of the treaties with France. But with the denunciation of Stalin who many people thought of as a monster, combined the US backing Pinilla’s regime people begin to riot in the streets in Argentina and Uruguay. In Guatemala there is an insurrection that quickly disposes of the democratically elected leader Jacobo Arbenz and declares a “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”, but most common peasants don’t really care as many rich landlords are still owners of the land and not the people. In India the Soviets begin assassinating anti-Soviet politicians, and their rich supporters, effectively making it into a client state. Meanwhile new leader Khrushchev and president Truman bicker over whether there should be a nuclear test ban. While this is going on, Washington begins to sign treaties with Panama and South Africa until they’re full allies of the US, as well as the US bribing many politicians in Venezuela to allow US military bases as well as signing economic agreements.

Turn 2 Action Round 5

The Soviets try to get a animal into space, but fail and some key Soviet scientists are fired. The CIA then attempts a coup against Mobuto Sese Seko, not really even a communist just a nationalist, which scares some countries in the 3rd world. Because the coup is successful, right -wing insurgents soon seize Leopoldville and end the previously shaky control of the country by drafting men to fight the warlords in the eastern part of the country, losing the regime some support.

Turn 2 Action Round 6

The Soviets start blockading West Berlin, and after the Western Leaders do nothing about it, West Berlin is annexed into East Germany. The people of West Germany are enraged at the US and anything or anyone pro-American is distrusted and disrespected. Luckily for the US, even though Chiang-Kai-Shek and the Nationalists are defeated, some Chinese politicians argue for aiding the US in trying to get West Germany under control so people won’t associate them with the “revisionist” Soviets. They succeed and by doing so let the US say that, “See, even China sides with us over the Soviets”, and with propaganda campaigns, get West Germany back under pro-US leaders and government.

Turn 3 Headline Phase

The new US president Eisenhower starts a massive reconstructing program for Western Europe: Turkey, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Denmark, and Austria receive funds for rebuilding, as well as giving money to Italy (although, really not for reconstructing since the country already received aid but for allowing the US to set up military bases in Italy). Then to everyone's surprise North Korea invades South Korea. The US send troops and money into South Korea, but eventually, due to Soviet arms and local guerrillas, Syngman Rhee’s regime is destroyed and South Korea is incorporated into the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

Turn 3 Action Round 1

In Eastern Europe the Soviet leaders decide to create a military alliance among the countries of Eastern Europe. Romania, as well as Yugoslavia, become client states of the USSR. In Bulgaria most of the military forces become pro-USSR as well as many civilians. The US then sign a series of treaties with Israel to protect them against a hypothetical Arab invasion, and Paul, the King of Greece, looks toward American support after the falling of Yugoslavia and almost the fall of Bulgaria to the Communists, both next to Greece.

Turn 3 Action Round 2

After signing many treaties with the Israelis, the US begins to expand its influence in the Middle East, first by signing many similar treaties with Jordan as it did with Israel. Then the US encourages Israel to fund pro-American Christian forces in Lebanon, who soon control all of the countryside. After a long time, the Christian rebels finally seize Beirut, but since many people are Muslim their rule is shaky. France and England then decide to invade Egypt and oust Nasser through Sudan. The Israelis plan to invade from the north, but seeing a debacle, the US tries to get the former powers of England and France to come to their senses, but in doing so they mostly ignore the growing unrest in Pakistan. This turns out to possibly be deadly because the Soviets do pay attention and try to start a coup in Pakistan. The coup fails, but after the government massacres USSR sympathizers the people start lose trust in the US backed government.

Turn 3 Action Round 3

Then after previously supporting the Americans against the Soviets the Chinese help the Soviets. The Chinese help support an uprising (backed by the USSR) of the people against the already weak government of Pakistan, but after the government falls, the new leaders turn their backs on China and begin signing many treaties with the USSR. Seeing that Khrushchev is doing better, many of the Iraqis who were against him after his denouncing of Stalin decide to support him again. Seeing, like the Iraqi Communists, that the USSR seems to be winning, the Egyptians and Syrians decide to invade Israel. With Jordanian and Lebanese helping, the Israelis repel the invaders and a ceasefire is declared. While everyone’s eyes are on Israel, the US begins heavily arming and training the Mexican Army.

Turn 3 Action Round 4

The USSR begins to heavily focus on South America where first, in Uruguay, and then later with Uruguayan support, Argentina falls to leftist forces. Because of this, Communists in Nigeria see this as an ripe time to overthrow the government. Supplied with arms smuggled from Cameroon they are successful, but local warlords still control parts of the country. Bulgaria then signs more treaties with the USSR and essentially becomes a client state. The US begins to invest in Costa Rican companies as well as sending troops to Philippines to crush any anti-government movements.

Turn 3 Action Round 5

Once again both the US and USSR work on advancing space technology. They both sent an animal into space. The Soviets send Laika, a siberian husky, the Americans send Gordo, a monkey.

Turn 3 Action Round 6

The Soviets start a program, like the Marshall Plan in East Europe, called The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, or COMECON. Hungary and Czechoslovakia receive aid, as well as East Germany and Poland, strengthening their ties to the USSR even more. The US then attempts a coup d’etat in Argentina against the leftist government and succeeds with flying colors, purging anyone who was part of the old government and setting up a military junta. In response, the Soviets sponsor insurgencies in Sudan and El Salvador, which both seize the capitals, as well as signing treaties with the leaders of Libya, helping the Soviets in the Middle East.

Turn 4 Headline Phase

The US decides to try to make peace in the Middle East, and succeeds by signing peace treaties with Israel, Jordan, and Egypt. In doing so they strengthen ties with Israel and Jordan, as well as getting people in Egypt to view the US less negatively. Then the Soviets sponsor winter Olympic Games in Moscow. The US decides not to boycott, and to the Soviets surprise, the US actually wins more medals than the Soviets, a major blow to USSR prestige.

Turn 4 Action Round 1

After the disastrous Olympic games in Moscow the Soviets turn to violence again. Once again in Iran, but this time with a better base for the coup. Though after the coup, their man Khosro Roozbeh fails to seize power and an interim government is set-up. The US, knowing that Iran is important to their position in the Middle East, quickly move in again and set-up a democratic government. They also support the government in Zimbabwe as long as they help fight communism.

Turn 4 Action Round 2

The US supports Pakistan (even though it is socialist) against India in a hope to create a pro-US government in India by showing that the Indian socialist government can’t beat Pakistan. After winning lots of little battles on the border and pushing significantly into India, some Pakistani troops get cut off in Kashmir and the Indian government threatens to massacre these troops who are cut off from supply and other soldiers. Not wanting a crisis the Pakistani government sues for peace. The Soviets regain control of Egypt through propaganda. As well as bribing elites in the Saharan States to allow economic agreements that favor the Soviets. Finally in Brazil people began protesting against the government due to high unemployment.

Turn 4 Action Round 3

The Soviets decide to hold a meeting among many leaders in Africa about which direction the continent should go. While not much happened at the meeting, the US brags about having more economic resources in the region. The US pressures the French into leaving Vietnam after already losing Laos and Cambodia. The US is able to set-up democratic rule, but the government has just enough influence to not be toppled, and is is very weak. The US does the same kind of thing with the British in Botswana, except like in South Africa, the system is very racist, and there are no elections. Franco in Spain and Salazar in Portugal decide to let the US run more of the country in return for military aid

Turn 4 Action Round 4

The USSR works on it’s space program, after the success of sending Laika the dog into space, they attempt to send a person into space. Yuri Gagarin is successfully sent into space. The US then holds a conference in Bangkok, talking about the “new” region of Southeast Asia. Pro-American talk dominates the conference and the US shows that, even after things seem to be bad for the US, they still are doing well.

Turn 4 Action Round 5

After US pressure, the USSR holds a conference in Berlin. Countries begin to see that the US may actually be winning the cold war, by once again dominating the conversations and destroying any leftist talk in Berlin. Immediately after the Berlin Conference, the Soviets shoot down an American military spy plane over Soviet airspace. This is good for USSR prestige. but still doesn’t make up for what happened in Berlin earlier this year. The US also continues investing in Costa Rican companies, and eventually starts signing treaties with the elite there. In Angola, the US funds a pro-US rebel group called UNITA, which is based out of South Africa and soon seizes Luanda, the capital of Angola.

Turn 4 Action Round 6

Based on their success on getting a man into space the Soviets continue with their space program by trying to get a man into Earth orbit. They succeed and Soviet scientists are rewarded by Moscow. The US, once again using what the Soviets have found out previously, also get a man successfully into space, but not into orbit.

Turn 4 Action Round 7

In South America more riots and protests happen in Brazil and in Paraguay. In Brazil leftists seize power. The US responds to this by giving aid to the Paraguayan regime. In Libya, even though the previous King had signed treaties with the Soviets, the new king looks for heavy US support, and gets it.

Turn 5 Headline Phase

In Germany, Social Democratic Party leader Willy Brandt is elected as chancellor, hurting US prestige as well as influencing people’s mind about socialism and the USSR, in a positive way. Then in Egypt, new leader Anwar Sadat, even though being close with Nasser, expels the Soviets. Since there was some previous pro-American sentiment in Egypt, the country switches from the USSR camp to the US camp.

Turn 5 Action Round 1

Realizing their Middle Eastern position is rapidly deteriorating, with first the fall of Libya, and now Egypt, the Soviets begin heavily aiding the Saudi government until it is very dependent on the USSR and switches many treaties with the US for the USSR. The US then launches a propaganda campaign to get West Germany back under their control. The US continues to help Alfredo Stroessner’s regime in Paraguay until most of the anti-government forces are dispersed.

Turn 5 Action Round 2

The USSR hopes to scare people in the US by setting up a socialist government in Mexico by supporting a military coup d’etat. The coup is fairly successful, but the new government insists on having elections. Then in Libya and Egypt Muslim rebels begin to fight a guerilla war, and in both countries are clearly winning against the pro-Western status quo. The US is worried about this hurting their Middle East position and decides to try to get a UN intervention. They are successful. Now many UN troops occupy both countries and the rebels only occasionally attack military, and don’t really pose a threat. The US finally gets the Turks to sign a treaty allowing the US to station troops and Nuclear bombs in Turkey. Also in Mexico in the first socialist election, the US decides to rig the elections. Anyone who tries to speak out against it after the current president is elected is quickly shushed, and if need be they disappear.

Turn 5 Action Round 3

The US decides to work on it’s space program by attempting to get a man into Earth orbit, like the Soviets did a couple years ago, they successfully send a man. Meanwhile The Soviets begin sponsoring massive anti-American propaganda campaigns, in Pakistan and Iran. In Pakistan anyone who was pro-US is sent to reeducation camps. In Iran after many coup attempts by the Soviets (all of them failing), the Soviets switch strategies. With the support of anti-American nationalists in the government, the Soviets show propaganda films, inciting hatred of the US in the people. The Soviets attempt to do the same thing in Malaysia to stop the support to the anti-Soviet rebels, but it backfires when the people realize what’s going on and begin to distrust the Soviets.

Turn 5 Action 4

With the US catching up to them on space technology, the Soviets begin to pour more money into their space programs, finally getting a satellite into Lunar Orbit, helping their prestige. The US funds the CIA to attempt a coup in Sudan worrying that the government would hurt the US position in Egypt. But the US government doesn’t fund the CIA enough because the coup fails miserably.

Turn 5 Action Round 5

The US tries to keep up with the Soviets on the space race and do by also getting a US satellite into Lunar Orbit. The Soviets then begin funding a communist insurgency in Algeria. As the French get harsher and harsher on the rebels many people begin to sympathise. And eventually the French pull out leaving the government to fight for themselves, Algiers falls quickly.

Turn 5 Action Round 6

In Rome a new Pope is elected. Pope John Paul II is from Poland and an anti-Communist. This hurts the Soviets and provides the US with some support inside Poland. But the Soviets are quick to crack down on anti-Soviet organizations and soon have control of the country again. They also get the people of Malaysia on their side after the propaganda debacle. Then in Chile, Marxist Salvador Allende gets elected as president and begins to provide land reform and nationalizes many industries. The US, not liking this, decides to fund opposition, but the US knows that this probably won’t really affect Allende’s rule.

Turn 5 Action Round 7

The Soviets have to resort to buying grain from the US, and in doing so have to let the US return the Panama Canal, something Khrushchev hasn’t wanted since that would aid the Americans in Latin America. The Panama Canal is returned which strengthens US ties with Costa Rica, Panama, and Venezuela. Then the Soviets solidify their position in Chile, and begin to aid the Communist Party in Iran. Then to everyone’s surprise Kennedy is shot. The new president Lyndon B. Johnson decides to start investing in Honduran companies.

Turn 6 Headline Phase

The superpowers both begin to use incredible violence to achieve their goals. First the Soviets fund Mexican Communists to rise up against the pro-US government. Both sides massacre many civilians in a bloody civil war, where the communists eventually win and set up a heavily pro-Soviet government. The US then begins to fund dictator Fulgencio Batista in Cuba. As well as supporting a right wing pseudo-fascist coup in Brazil amongst un-loyal generals.

Turn 6 Action Round 1

In Mozambique, still a colony of Portugal, communist insurgents seize the capital and begin land re-distribution. In Angola, no longer a Portuguese colony, but still allied with the US and Portugal, communists are able to stir up enough support to seize Luanda, but amongst the upper and middle classes there is much dissent. Then on the Ussuri River the Soviets and Chinese have a skirmish. This creates a lot of anti-Soviet dissent in South Korea, severely hurting the Korean regime since its capital is now in Seoul. In Laos and Cambodia people begin distrusting the communist governments, so local elites, with Thai and Vietnamese support, take control of both countries.

Turn 6 Action Round 2

Feminists in the US accuse the US of being patriarchal and begin to turn away from the US and toward the USSR. While this is going on the Soviets are able to begin heavily training Korean troops and crackdown on the protesters in the south, as well as creating unrest in Brazil. After the US deals with these feminist accusations they begin heavily funding the Brazilian army, who begin heavy crackdowns on the protestors, not afraid to use real bullets to stop protesters.

Turn 6 Action Round 3

In Honduras insurgents begin fighting against the government, who they accused of “aiding the imperialist and signing treaties that will hurt the Honduran people”. The USSR also helps complete a “peaceful coup” in Iran by forcing the Prime Minister to step down and Ali Khavari takes power and decrees a “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”. The US then holds a conference in Caracas, to show American dominance in the region, putting their prestige back up to a reasonable level.

Turn 6 Action Round 4

With the help of Death Squads, right-wing paramilitary forces in Honduras fighting both the leftist rebels and the liberal government, viciously attack any enemy and soon take control of the country and begin a regime that is even more friendly to the US than the last one. The USSR then begins to fund the Algerian Army in return for invading and setting up a friendly regime in Tunisia. This happens and a leftist democratic government is set-up in Tunisia.

Turn 6 Action Round 5

The Soviets and Americans sign a ABM treaty, making people less worried a nuclear war and easing global tensions. Right after this the KGB begins to heavily invest in a coup d’etat attempt in Egypt even though it doesn’t look too much like it will happen they try anyway. It succeeds very much and a heavily pro-Soviet anti-American regime is set up. In response to this Lydon B. Johnson starts funding the anti-communist rebel group UNITA in Angola. Due to the somewhat pro-American sentiment before, as well as the communist rule being shaky, they take over the country again.

Turn 6 Action Round 6

The new American president Nixon decides to go to China and begin talks with Mao and other key Chinese figures. Due to this, American Prestige goes up. The Soviets then solidify their position in Cameroon even further. With Honduran rebel aid, Nicaraguan leftist rebels take control of Managua, the capital, and set-up their own pro-USSR government. The US then funds a coup in Mozambique to overthrow the socialist government and install their own right-wing government. They succeed and a new Capitalist Mozambique is declared.

Turn 6 Action Round 7

The Americans decide to create OAS, the Organization for American States (American States meaning countries in the continents of North and South America). Cuba and Haiti receive support making them US client states. The USSR begins supporting the Shining Path in Peru, a communist insurgent group. The US also begins imposing economic and military treaties on Ecuador, in turn for “protection” against socialism, as well as continuing to create unrest in the southern part of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

Turn 7 Headline Phase

In West Germany a series of spies working for the Soviets try to figure out what the American global plans are, and are successful. But then one of them defects and reports them to the authorities, and before the spies can get over the border they are arrested.

Turn 7 Action Round 1

The new premier in the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev, shows his willingness to use violence when he authorizes the KGB to stir up unrest in Argentina and eventually attempt a coup after what the US did in Brazil. The coup is successful and a pro-USSR leftist government is set-up. The US responds to this by funding the Bolivian government to “help fight communism”.

Turn 7 Action Round 2

The Soviets increase funding to the Korean government to crackdown on democratic protestors, taking back control of the country. Then they fund the Shining Path in Peru even further until they have control of the country. In addition, the Soviets fund movements in Turkey to protest against the pro-US and NATO government. The US then supports a military takeover in Turkey that bans trade unions and left wing thought in general. Then in Asia they decide to sign treaties with Taiwan until it is heavily tied to the US.

Turn 7 Action Round 3

The Americans start researching how how to get a man on the moon, but after sending men up they never actually make it to the moon. The USSR then holds a meeting in Baghdad about what direction the region will go in. Socialist talk dominates the region, especially since two of the US’s major allies, Israel and Lebanon, are the only two non-Muslim countries in the region.

Turn 7 Action Round 4

The Soviets begin to incite rebellion in Cuba, where the old dictator’s son, Jose Batista, is new and doesn’t properly know how to manage a country. The US then sends military force to crackdown on the rebels. The US also then begins to impose treaties on Kenya and anyone who speaks out against “American imperialism” disappears.

Turn 7 Action Round 5

In response pro-US forces taking over Kenya, the Soviets get Sudan to invade Ethiopia (with heavy Soviet arms) and set up a pro-USSR government there. There a local Ethiopian, Mengistu Haile Mariam, sets up a Derg, an autocratic government based in Marxism-Leninism. The US then with much pressure holds a conference in Bangkok where most talk is not about capitalism or socialism, but about local feuds and problems. Though what talk there is about capitalism or socialism, the socialist wing wins, a minor blow to US prestige.

Turn 7 Action Round 6

The Soviets begin to support a civil war in Somalia between the government and socialist insurgents, with foreign fighters from Ethiopia, Sudan, Iraq, and many other countries. The US then begins to heavily export arms to the Somali government, who soon have all of the major cities back under control, and the insurgents are pushed into the country, without any major power base.

Turn 7 Action Round 7

The Soviets hold a conference in Mexico City, where the US shows off its dominance, but due to the regions little global influence US prestige does not go up that much. Then revolutionary Che Guevara, tries to overthrow the American backed Haitian dictatorship and is successful in setting up a pro-USSR government. Then Che travels to Bolivia to try to overthrow dictator Rene Barrientos. With help of many of the natives who feel oppressed he overthrows the government and sets up a left wing government, with him in charge. Also to much of the western worlds outrage the new government begins to hunt down CIA agents still in the country and any agent who is caught is killed. The US then supports a right wing coup in Uruguay, and with help from right-wing regimes in Brazil and Paraguay succeeds. They set-up a friendly democratic government, one of the few in South America.

Turn 8 Headline Phase

In the Lenin Shipyards, located in Gdansk, Poland, a new anti-communist trade union is formed and soon has close to 10 million members, ⅓ of the working age population of Poland. Because of this Soviet grip on Poland is severely weakened, even threatening a democratic revolution. Meanwhile in South Africa, where non-whites are discriminated on a legal level, black and coloured people begin to uprise against the apartheid government in favor of a Marxist-Leninist government.

Turn 8 Action Round 1

Not to the world’s surprise the USSR and US send heavy aid to Poland and South Africa respectively. The Soviets decide to introduce martial law in Poland to try to break Solidarity. The effort is partly successful but a lot of people are still anti-Soviet. In the end the government and military retain power. In South Africa the communist party is outlawed and the military begins a series of crackdowns and arrests.

Turn 8 Action Round 2

The Soviets attempt a coup in Zaire, which barely succeeds due to the previous strong pro-US presence.President Ford, not wanting to lose Zaire, decides to send aid to right-wing insurgents and local warlords who don’t like communist rule, to fight the government. Partly due to the fact that the communist regime was pretty unstable, and partly because of CIA money, Leopoldville falls to conservative forces who set up their own unstable regime.

Turn 8 Action Round 3

The Soviets begin to aid leftist parties in Italy, who are able to drum up some support, but the Christian Democracy party had too much support to cause any lasting change. The US then supports a coup d’etat in Nicaragua, led by liberal forces. The coup is successful and a liberal democratic government is set-up.

Turn 8 Action Round 4

After the failure of NASA to get a man on the moon a couple years earlier, the Soviet equivalent succeeds. The US then puts more money into Italy to counter the growing strength of the Italian Communist Party. Then the US spends a lot of money and time trying to get people to rise against the Socialist Ba’ath Party in Iraq, but they are unsuccessful.

Turn 8 Action Round 5

The Soviets send money and arms to the Iraqi military to suppress the anti-government rebels. Then the US tries once again to get a man on the moon after Soviet success, and by using some Soviet technology succeed.

Turn 8 Action Round 6

The Soviets spend money to try to get a communist takeover in Uruguay. But right before the coup, many generals that are known to have some leftist tendencies are purged, and so fewer units rebel against the government and they are crushed by the loyal military. Due to the purges many people begin to wonder what will happen to them if they were to get into a position of power, leading them to become less trusting of their government. The US then begins a propaganda campaign in Uruguay to get people friendly with the US again. The US also pours more money into the Zairian (hopefully) loyal military to safeguard against another leftist takeover.

Turn 8 Action Round 7

In Brazil people begin to protest against the dictatorship. Many of these protests are led by leftists. Due to this the US gets the CIA to hijack the protests turning them into liberal pro-US protests, and in doing so do overthrow Ernesto Geisel, and set-up a liberal democracy. The US also brings Belgium closer to the Western camp.

Turn 9 Headline Phase

In West Germany, US president Ronald Reagan goes to the East-West wall and asks “Mr. Gorbachev, if you want peace and prosperity in the Soviet Union and East Europe and liberalization then you should tear down the wall.” This leads to much American support in East Germany, as well as bringing Soviet support down, threatening a democratic takeover. The US also make the disastrous mistake of deploying Pershing II missiles in West Germany, Italy, and Greece making the populace more anti-US. This also causes a minor blow to US prestige since they “can’t even get their own side to help fight us” Soviet Premier Gorbachev said.

Turn 9 Action Round 1

The USSR supports state run propaganda as well as a police crackdown to get East Germany back under their control, after massive pro-democracy rallies took place all over the country threatening the current regime. Then in West Germany, the Soviets begin to support powerful trade unions gaining them more support there. The West German government begins to use water cannons and rubber bullets to get the unions to stop striking and to scare people away from joining one.

Turn 9 Action Round 2

Even though the US had previously spent extra money on the Zairean military, after the people begin to uprise against the government the military does nothing about it, and soon anti-government militia begin to arrest and kill political leaders. Eventually Marxists seize power and the old military is disbanded, leading to some unrest against the generals, but they are quickly detained by the new People’s Army of Zaire. NASA then begins to work on a way to send a space shuttle into outer space, but fails.

Turn 9 Action Round 3

After the American failure the Soviets look to send a space shuttle into space, and like the Americans they too fail. The US then begins a propaganda campaign in Greece to regain to influence they had there before the Pershing II debacle.

Turn 9 Action Round 4

In the Dominican Republic a pro-USSR military Junta is set-up. In Paraguay leftist forces seize more government power, and then a nationalist rises to power and ends up purging many pro-US politicians and generals, severely hurting the US’s position there. Then in Bulgaria, socialists begin to look away from Soviet oppression to create a new kind of socialism. In doing so they look towards the US for help and many people become pro-US.

Turn 9 Action Round 5

In Italy, communism is heavily on the rise and the communists almost win the election, and if given more time could probably win the elections. The US doesn’t want Italy to fall to communism, especially when East Germany and Poland are on the breaking point of falling away from communism. So the US gets the current ruling party to make the Communist Party illegal. The communists begin to fight since their party is outlawed, and actually put up a good fight, but can’t topple the government.

Turn 9 Action Round 6

In Paraguay a leftist coalition wins almost all of the elections, making it a client state of the Soviets. In Brazil, leftist parties gain more traction, aided by protests against the government, and they threaten to take over, like they did in Paraguay a couple of weeks ago. The government begins a massive propaganda campaign that, with US dollars helps bring the down the leftist parties from power. The US also helps stir up more unrest in East Germany.

Turn 9 Action Round 7

Faced with a problem of Socialist Argentina invading the Falkland Islands and other islands near them, new British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, to the worlds surprise, sends a task force to the far away Islands. The task force is successful and a truce is signed. This gives the US some prestige, but also drives Argentina even further away from the west. The pro-democracy movement in East Germany is once again crushed. Thousands of pro-democracy protesters are arrested, and dozens are wounded or killed. With more money from the USSR the new Italian Communist insurgency gains traction and controls much of Northern Italy. The US responds to this by giving the Italian Military lots of money and investing heavily in the government. They also send more money to Brazil to make sure the communists don’t get power.

Turn 10 Headline Phase

The Soviets hold a meeting in Algiers to show dominance in Africa, gaining prestige. In response to lost prestige, the US decides to create the “Alliance for Progress”. The alliance tries to strengthen pan-American sentiment, at least in the capitalist countries. Due to this the US recovers from the lost prestige from Algiers.

Turn 10 Action Round 1

The Soviets switch their strategy in Brazil. After many attempts of democratic victory, and peaceful coups, all of them failing, they turn to a violent coup. The coup succeeds, but they aren’t able to completely get rid of pro-US leaders and treaties, leading to the country not being dominated by leftists. The US jumps on this and quickly restores power to capitalists.

Turn 10 Action Round 2

In the USSR scientists decide that they have advanced their technology enough from their last failed attempt, to once again try to send a space shuttle up into space. Even with advanced technology the shuttle takes a nose dive and collapses before reaching space. Then Pakistan invades India again. But with Burmese help they quickly repel the invaders, and begin to push into Pakistan before the USSR calls a ceasefire.

Turn 10 Action Round 3

The Soviets once again try to drum up anti-US/pro-USSR support in West Germany. They are largely successful. The local Communist Party wins many seats in parliament, and socialist union membership soars. The US responds by sending money to ensure the communists won't win any major elections. The West German police force once again breaks up massive rallies with water cannons, rubber bullets, and even attack dogs.

Turn 10 Action Round 4

The USSR once again continues to help communists and socialists in West Germany through politics and massive rallies. The US and West Germany do the same kind of thing by sending more money to anti-communist politicians and breaking up rallies. The US also begins to get capitalists into positions of power in El Salvador, threatening to take the country over from the inside.

Turn 10 Action Round 5

The Salvadoran Communist Party realizes this infiltration and begins to purge pro-US leaders and generals, until the country is under their full control again. The US responds to this by getting pro-US Hondurans to invade, and with local right wing-insurgents take over the country and purge all leftist leaders and generals, and setup a pro-American government.

Turn 10 Action Round 6

With much US pressure the Soviets are forced to hold a meeting in Belgrade about the future of Europe. Pro-US talk dominates the conference, some people even speculate about the collapse of the Soviet Union. This brings US prestige up. Then NASA finally successfully sends a space shuttle into space, giving the US even more prestige since so many people had already had tried any failed.

Turn 10 Action Round 7

In Nicaragua, many generals were soldiers in the socialist army, before the capitalists took over, and so decide to do a military coup d’etat. With almost all of the military turning against the government, the generals soon take over and set-up a military dictatorship, friendly to the USSR. The US responds to this attempting a coup in Tunisia. They are also successful, and with the help of Libya the rebels purge all leftist leaders.

Final Scoring

VP’s at 10 US

US has China Card, +1 VP’s = 11 US

Central America, 0 VP’s = 11 US

South America, 0 VP’s = 11 US

Africa, -1 VP’s = 10 US

Asia, -6 Vp’s = 4 US

Middle East, -4 Vp’s = 0

Europe, +5 Vp’s = 5 US

In Eastern Europe, the communist regimes fall apart, and soon so does the Soviet Union. With the fall of the Soviet Union a civil war erupts in Korea, with capitalists finally winning. In Malaysia the socialist government falls apart, and a bloody civil war ensues. But Burma, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran stay socialist and ally themselves with China. In Saudi Arabia, where the communists never really ruled, the local elite just depended on the Soviets, the elite turn back to the US. In Iraq and Syria the Socialist Ba’ath Party stays in power but turns more and more away from Socialism. In Egypt an Islamist Revolution happens, and it stays away from the US. In Africa most of the socialist countries fall apart, except for Sudan and Ethiopia, which like the South Asian countries ally themselves with China. In Central America all of the leftists governments fall apart or are taken over from the inside, like the military government of Nicaragua. Finally in South America, Paraguay and Bolivia fall to pro-US forces, but Peru, Chile, and Argentina decide to create a socialist bloc together, not aligned with China. This leads to a check on US power, keeping it from becoming a hyper power, like it did historically. Finally, there are two new socialist blocs, one led by China, and the other, the alliance of socialist Peru, Chile, and Argentina.
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Robert Mosimann
United States
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Thank you your interesting alternative history.

Twilight Struggle is an enjoyable and interesting
game if not a historically accurate one.


In your set up you mention reconstruction money
for West Germany from the US.

Historically West Germany received very little such
monies where the bulk of American support went to
England and France.

Indeed the bulk of German industry survived intact
through the war despite the bombing campaigns.

Further, after the war :
The Americans were actively busy dismantling German
Industry and restricting its import of raw materials until
the Cold War started and this "Carthaginian" policy of
Destroying German industry was reversed.

Thus Germany rebuilt itself despite American interference
rather than being a major beneficiary of reconstruction
Assistance from the US.

I could go into a hundred other such historical issues with this
game ; however , it is an enjoyable game nonetheless
despite it's inaccuracies.
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