New to the game and have only played one game so far so I am looking for verification with ranged fire attack.
Is this considered a double ability? In other words, if an enemy had a fire resistance and an armour of 5, would I be able to take out the enemy with a 5 ranged fire attack because of the ranged attack ability?
You need to distinguish between the type of the attack, and the element of the attack.
The type (melee, ranged or siege) only affects when you can play the attack (melee can be played in the attack phase, ranged can also be played in the ranged phase unless the enemy is fortified etc.)
The element of the attack (physical, fire, ice or cold fire) matters only in relation to resistances. If you enemy is fire resistant, fire attacks are halved.
Whether your ranged attack has a fire element has no effect on when you can play it. Similarly, whether your elemental attack has a ranged type has no effect on how it is affected by resistances)