That simply means Vosk doesn't pay a faction penalty when equipping an elite talent which does not match his ship's faction.
“Vosk does not pay a faction penalty when fielding an Elite Talent Upgrade.”
Goodness, the wording on this terrible card is terrible. Since when do our captains pay for our upgrades for us? The player pays for the upgrades, not the captain. "Vosk does not pay..."
Technically, this is ambiguous given the sloppy wording.
(a) If Vosk has an Elite Talent equipped, then you do not have to pay a faction penalty on Vosk
if he is attached to a ship that does not meet his faction.
(b) If Vosk has an Elite Talent equipped, then you do not have to pay a faction penalty on that Elite Talent
if it does not meet the faction of Vosk's ship.