Any game that uses at least two dice rolled per player turn could probably be used with a doubling cube(so yes, I think?), as the doubling cube is used for scoring points over multiple games (so I guess you could use a doubling cube with a Monopoly marathon, which would be an unpleasurable experience, lol).
I'm not sure why "at least two dice rolled per player turn" would be necessary...? I think that any game at all (including games of no chance, e.g. Chess or Go) could be played with a doubling cube (to make a victory potentially worth double in some meta framework). It's simply saying "I think I'm going to win; do you agree, or are you willing to risk losing more to prove me wrong?"