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After rewatching Band of Brothers I started making some notes, since in the TV series I found it hard to keep track who was commanding which unit. On top of that, the strange clubs symbol intrigued me. I started reading up a bit in Wikipedia and my notes started to take the form of the organization:



Now I'm starting to think to use this, for instance, in a SL scenario.

However, I still have some questions. One is, for instance, in the series, in the battle for Carentan, one of the soldiers uses a bazooka. Looking at Winters's note, included above, he mentions machine guns and mortars within the company. Looking at the organization, there was not something like a heavy weapons company in a battalion or regiment. Or was there? Which unit(s) used bazookas - or how were they distributed? Were there any other AT or heavy weapons within the regiment? Snipers?

Was the company staff indeed 10 man? I figured: 140 men in the company (acc. to Wikipedia), 3 x 12 men in the squads + 6 men in two mortar teams (or 3?) and a Lt = 43 in a platoon. Three platoons in a company, that means 11 not accounted for, 1 of which is the company leader. That leaves a staff of 10. What were they; what did they do?

...maybe more questions will pop up. Thanks so far!
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Peter Lloyd
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Hopefully, not being too much of a kill-joy. The title should be the 101st at D-Day. That is because the 401st was attached then, and removed by Market-Garden.

Battalion and regimental command had bazooka teams attached. By this point they would be the M9 bazookas.
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Carl Fung
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Don't go with the wikipedia as a source. The real TO&E for a Parachute Infantry Battalion is this (taken from George Forty's US Army Handbook, 1939-1945). Unfortunately the useful bayonetstrength website isn't available until a new host is found.



So there were more than 10 men in the Company HQ. As with the Infantry Division Rifle Companies, they were effectively split between "front area" and "rear area" echelons with the former jumping with the riflemen and the rear area usually arriving overland (or in the case of D-Day, arriving at Utah Beach and usually stationed near battalion HQ out of the fighting area). The "front area" HQ element would include the CO, XO, 1st Sgt, Radio Operator, Messengers, and some basic privates. I don't recall if roles such as Supply or Communications would typically be part of this. The "rear area" guys were the Mess soldiers and clerks whose main roles were administrative.

Note that the mini-series does take some liberties in the historical assignment of men in which squad and platoon in Easy Company. From some of the other material I've seen, I believe Lipton was in 3rd Platoon (with Shifty Powers) but in the mini-series, they just somehow make him a sergeant in Winter's amorphous platoon when training in England before he became Company First Sergeant. And there was never any mention in the book or Webster's own memoirs that he was transferred from 1st Platoon to 2nd Platoon when returning (let alone who was assigned in those two platoons at Haganeu).

Some corrections/comments -
- There were TWO lieutenants in a Para Rifle Platoon (see below)
- Originally there were only 2 rifle squads in a platoon but many companies organized ad hoc 3rd rifle squads that was officially adapted later
- No weapons platoon. Each platoon was jam-packed with their own heavy weapons. This was needed as scattered units needed to fight cohesively and with as much firepower as possible without having to gather the separate weapons platoon. No heavy weapons company either. The M1917 and 81mm mortars were in platoons in the direct control of Battalion HQ.
- The mortar squad only had one 60mm mortar per platoon. This gave a total of 3x 60mm mortars in the company, one more than a Infantry Division Rifle Company
- Each squad had a M1919A4 or A6 LMG. This gave them tremendous tactical firepower, akin to the German squads having a MG34 or MG42 each. There was no typical B.A.R. initially (neither in the US Rangers so Reiben should've been carrying an M1919). By Market Garden there were many cases of men using B.A.R.'s (I figure from picking them up in Normandy having there for a month or so) and these were eventually folded into the official TO&E. Band of Brothers shows this extremely accurately as you see M1919's prevalent and within the squad (Christiansen and Gordon). In Episode 5 Crossroads when Winters says "bring up another weapons squad" is probably the fault of the writers who doesn't know squat about Para Rifle Company TO&E's but implies that they detached a MG crew (2 guys) from another squad to reinforce Winter's men.
- Bazookas (per the diagram) were one per platoon and one at company HQ, however, the CO would usually assign the men trained to use them as needed.

Anyway, hope this helps. I put this together many many years ago to describe to someone the correlation of the US Para Rifle Company with respect to the characters in BoB:

COMPANY HQ

Company Commander – Captain – 1st Lt. Meehan (in Normandy), Capt. Winters (from Normandy to Holland), 1st Lt Dike (from Holland to Foy), Capt. Speirs (from Foy to Germany)
Responsible for the training, discipline, control, and tactical employment of the company

Executive Officer - 1st Lieutenant - 1st Lt. Welsh (in Holland)
Assists the Company Commander. Takes over if something happens to Company Commander

Company Sergeant - 1st Sergeant - 1st Sgt. Lipton (from Holland to Hagenau), 1st Sgt Talbert (in Germany)
Senior Company NCO, handles company administration

Mess Sergeant - Staff Sergeant – N/A
Field Cook (x5) - PFC/Pvt – PFC Domingus (serves spaghetti to the company during training in Toccoa)
Guys who cooked the food. Although officially part of the company, they rarely if ever spent time at the front lines.

Supply Sergeant - Staff Sergeant – N/A
In charge of ordering and organizing the supplies for the Company

Communications – Sergeant – N/A
Handled the communications for the company. NOT the radio operator. Typically dealt with laying down wires for telephones. Usually found in the rear areas.

Company Clerk – Corporal - PFC Vest (The guy who helps Speirs smuggle his goods in Germany)
Handles company paperwork, including mail. Usually found in the rear areas.

Bugler - PFC/Pvt – N/A
Officially the guy who carried the bugle and blew reveille and retreat. But this never happened. He usually became a runner. Usually found in the rear areas.

Armorer - PFC/Pvt – N/A
Tasked with fixing weapons and other company equipment.

Radio Operator - PFC/Pvt - T/5 Luz
Carried the SCR-300 radio (big back pack radio).

Messengers (2) - PFC/Pvt – N/A
Runners, the guys who carried message from platoon through battalion.

Basics (12) - PFC/Pvt – N/A
Extra guys with no specific assigned tasks but some of these guys became bazookamen.

RIFLE PLATOON (x3)

Platoon Leader – 1st/2nd Lieutenant – 1st Lt. Welsh (in Normandy – 1st Plt), 2nd Lt. Peacock (from Holland to Bastogne – 1st Plt), 2nd Lt Foley (from Foy to Germany – 1st Plt), 1st Lt. Compton (from Normandy to Bastogne – 2nd Plt), 2nd Lt. Shames (from Bastogne to Germany – 3rd Plt.)
Responsible for the training, discipline, control, and tactical employment of the platoon

Assistant Platoon Leader – 2nd Lieutenant – 2nd Lt Brewer (the guy who gets shot in the neck in Holland – 1st Plt), 2nd Lt Foley (before taking over 1st Plt when Peacock leaves – 1st Plt)
Assists the platoon leader. Having two platoon leaders was unique to American Parachute Rifle Platoons for the fear of high casualties and scattered drops would leave many men officer-less.

Platoon Sergeant – Technical Sergeant – T. Sgt. Talbert (in Holland and Bastogne – 1st Plt), T. Sgt. Guarnere (from Holland to Bastogne – 2nd Plt), T. Sgt. Malarky (from Hagenau to Germany – 2nd Plt)
Assists the platoon leader in controlling the direction of the platoon.

Platoon Guide – Staff Sergeant – N/A
Prevents straggling and enforces orders concerning cover, concealment, and discipline. He’s usually in rear of the platoon, where he observes the situation on the flanks and the rear.

Radio Operator – T/4/PFC – T/4 Perconte
Carried and operated the SCR-536 “Handy Talkie”.

Messengers (x2) – PFC/Pvt – N/A
Runners, the guys who carried messages from squad through company.

Medic – T/4/PFC – T/4 Roe, PFC Spina (in Bastogne)
Medics were not officially part of the platoon but rather assigned to platoons and companies from the Divisional Medical Battalion.

RIFLE SQUAD (x3)

Squad Leader – Sergeant/Staff Sergeant – S.Sgt. Martin (from Normandy to Germany – 1st Plt), Sgt. Randleman (from Normany to German – 1st Plt), S.Sgt. Toye (from Holland to Foy – 2nd Plt), Sgt. Shifty Powers (from Holland to Germany – 3rd Plt)
The squad leader is responsible for the discipline, appearance, training, control, and conduct of his squad. He leads it in combat. The squad leader must train his squad to use and care for its weapons, to move and fight efficiently as individuals, and function effectively as a part of the military team.

Assistant Squad Leader – Sergeant/Corporal – Sgt. Dukeman (from Normandy to Holland – 1st Plt), Sgt.Christiansen (from Holland to Germany – 1st Plt), Cpl. Hoobler (from Normandy to Foy – 1st Plt).
The assistant squad leader performs duties assigned by the squad leader and takes command of the squad in his absence.

Machine Gunner – PFC/Pvt – Cpl Gordon (from Normandy to Bastogne – 3rd Plt), PFC Christiansen (from Normandy to Bastogne – 1st Plt)
Carries and operates the M1919A4/A6 Light Machine Gun. Later this was supplemented by adding a B.A.R. to the squad by the time of Market-Garden.

Assistant Machine Gunner – PFC/Pvt – PFC More (Gordon’s Assistant – 3rd Plt)
Carries the spare barrel and extra MG ammo.

Riflemen (x8) – PFC/Pvt – PFC Webster, PFC Heffron, Pvt. Hashey….
Exactly as the name implies. The guys with the rifles who formed the core of the rifle squad.

MORTAR SQUAD

Squad Leader – Sergeant – Sgt. Malarky (from Normandy to Holland – 2nd Plt)
Leads the mortar squad. Directs the mortar fire.

Mortar Gunner – PFC/Pvt – PFC Muck (from Normandy to Foy – 2nd Plt)
The main soldier who handles and aims the mortar.

Assistant Mortar Gunner – PFC/Pvt – PFC Penkala (from Normandy to Foy – 2nd Plt)
Assists the handling of the mortar.

Ammunition Bearers – PFC/Pvt – N/A
The guys who carry and distribute the mortar ammunition for the mortar.
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Carl Fung
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plloyd1010 wrote:
Hopefully, not being too much of a kill-joy. The title should be the 101st at D-Day. That is because the 401st was attached then, and removed by Market-Garden.

Battalion and regimental command had bazooka teams attached. By this point they would be the M9 bazookas.


Not to be a kill-joy (), but part of the 401st did fight under the 101st past Normandy. Before Normandy, the 401st Glider Infantry Regiment (only 2 battalions) was split - 1st battalion served as the 3rd battalion under the 327th GIR and the 2nd battalion served as 3rd battalion under the 325th GIR. This remained this way from Normandy to VE-Day.

http://www.ww2-airborne.us/units/401/401.html

For the Bazookas, see the above post.
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Robert Wesley
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calvinboy24 wrote:
I put this together many many years ago to describe to someone the correlation of the US Para Rifle Company with respect to the characters in BoB. Don't go with the wikipedia as a source.

The real TO&E for a Parachute Infantry Battalion is this (taken from George Forty's US Army Handbook, 1939-1945). Unfortunately the useful bayonetstrength website isn't available until a new host is found.

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GROGnads wrote:
whistle


Fixed... always wondered how to do that...
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You can view your "Gallery" in order to 'ascertain' what sizes are available, and it can change with omission of some, such as LARGE, etc.
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