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Subject: Arriba España! rss

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Alan Richbourg
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Jon and I present this for your consideration:

Proposed 13.6 Arriba España! – Germany’s ability to easily slice through Spain a turn or two after France falls seems ahistorical in a number of ways. There were friendly diplomatic relations and expectations of future military alliance between Spain, Germany, and Italy, based on assistance given during the Spanish Civil War. Also, German early-war planning for the west was entirely focused on France and Britain, with no expectation of the quick fall of France. Plans to take Gibraltar (Operation Felix) were only begun after France surrendered. Hitler waited to meet Franco until October 23, 1940, to discuss Spanish entry into the war, where Franco surprised him by making heavy demands that would have ruined Germany’s relationship with Vichy France (in addition to other problems).

13.61 SPANISH COOPERATION – At the start of an Axis Production Phase on or later than the 3rd turn after France is conquered (never if Vichy is declared), but before the U.S. has entered the war, if the Axis control every Home Area in France and Germany, the German player may declare that Spain joins the war as an Axis Minor Power. Proceed as if the Allies declared war on Spain (9.6), except Spanish units may only operate in Spain, Portugal, and French North Africa. Starting on the turn Spain becomes an Axis Minor Power in this way, in each Axis Production Phase:

• As long as the Allies do not control a Home Area in France or Germany, Germany loses 1d6+3 WERPS (but will usually gain 2 from Madrid), and the maximum number of Special Actions Germany can have that turn is 1 less than its normal limit (eliminate one if over the new limit).
• As long as the Allies do not control a Home Area in Spain or Gibraltar, Germany gains a free sub that does not count toward the 8 per turn limit.

This rule reflects the extravagant assistance Franco demanded in exchange for Spain entering the war. The loss of production and the Special Action represent the effort required to fulfill Franco’s requests for food, war material, and oil - a heavy burden on the German economy. The restrictions end when France or Germany is successfully invaded, since the Germans would be unwilling (and perhaps unable) to support Spain at that point. The additional subs mainly represent open access to Spanish bases (away from Allied airpower), including in the Canary Islands.

13.62 SPANISH WAR – The Axis may not Declare War on Spain before the 3rd turn after France is conquered or Vichy declared. If the Axis declare war on Spain, Italian production permanently drops from 5 WERPs to 3 for each of Rome and Piedmont. For the rest of the game, each activity attempted by an Axis power that costs a Special Action and involves any Axis units entering or remaining in Spain (including Gibraltar) costs 2 Special Actions instead of 1.

The fall in Italian production represents Mussolini's caginess. If Hitler assaulted Franco, what did that mean for other Fascist regimes in Europe? Italians would be more cautious and less inclined to support German ambitions. The increased cost in Special Actions represents the harsh terrain, guerilla resistance, and logistical problems the Germans would surely have faced while operating aggressively in Spain. Germany can still conquer Spain quickly, but doing so will cost a lot of its 5 (!) Special Actions. The effect on subs in this case is a wash (fewer bases at first, then more later, obstructed by guerilla activity).

13.62 DEFENDING GIBRALTAR – As an exception to 7.6 (Reinforce Battle), a friendly ground-support unit in Morocco, if uncontested, may reinforce a battle in Gibraltar by flying across the Air-Route. In the Final Supply Determination Phase, the ground-support unit returns to Morocco, or is eliminated if Morocco is by then enemy controlled.

Air bases in Morocco would have enabled the Allies or Axis to provide increased defensive air cover over Gibraltar. In game terms, this rule provides a balancing advantage to the defending side and an incentive to hold North Africa. It can lead to a more epic battle for the Rock.
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Michael Hopcroft
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I like this, and wonder how many more WWII grand strategy games take Franco into account. The man was cagey -- he probably knew Hitler wouldn't accept his "requests", and that this was a good way to keep a still-exhausted Spain out of active participation in the war as long as he could. Thus, unlike the other Fascist dictators, Franco died in bed nearly thirty years later still holding the reins of power. (To this day, Generalissimo Francisco Franco is still dead.)

Since Gibraltar is so important to the Allies, is there a way for the Axis to take it without going through Spain? Or at the very least ruin its ability to base the RN for at least a turn or two?
 
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Alan Richbourg
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Franco also really needed food shipments from the USA. The German ambassador to Spain was basically a traitor, who helped Franco craft demands that Hitler would not agree to. Franco truly succeeded against Hitler.

I don't think there's any way to obstruct Gibraltar without going through Spain.

I'm still looking for someone to play EE at BGG.con 2016.
 
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Jon Karlsson
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Michael Hopcroft wrote:
Since Gibraltar is so important to the Allies, is there a way for the Axis to take it without going through Spain?

Sure. Invasion from the Western Med.

(Edit: I thought I was in the World in Flames forum.)
 
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Alan Richbourg
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Jon Karlsson wrote:
Michael Hopcroft wrote:
Since Gibraltar is so important to the Allies, is there a way for the Axis to take it without going through Spain?

Sure. Invasion from the Western Med.

There's no invasion arrow.
 
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Łukasz 'farmer'
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Airborne assault form Marocco.
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