No, it's just a step. If there are no battles to resolve, then go to prisoner scoring.
Sorry perhaps I phrased the question wrong. I know it's the step directly after battle resolution.
What I am asking is say Humans had 3 prisoners they were holding but were in no battles would they still get 3 points during that next step. (IE: Machines & Trogs fought that round in battle 1 & 2 but Humans didn't participate in any battles for that round...)