Peter Sasvari
Hungary
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Commanders!

Some of you asked about the officers fought in this battle. Let's start with the Russians!

Edward Vladimirovych Eck - 4th November 1851 – 4th May 1937

Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, to a family of Lutheran noblemen in 1851, Eduard Vladimirovych Eck began his military service in the Semyonovsky Life-Guards Regiment in 1868 and graduated from the General Staff Academy, St. Petersburg, in 1878. Subsequently, he fought in both the Russo-Turkish and the Russo-Japanese wars.

Appointed major-general in 1897, he became lieutenant-general and commander of the 71st Infantry Division in 1904 before being promoted to the rank of infantry general in 1910. In this capacity, he served first as commander of the 8th Infantry Division and later commander of the Moscow Grenadiers. World War I found him as commander of the Russian Army Corps VII., subordinated to General Brusilov’s 8th Army. In recognition of his merits in the Battle of Lwów, 1914, he was decorated with the Order of St. George fourth class.

"On day one of the Battle of Lwów, waged between 25th and 30th August, he resisted the preponderant enemy’s attacks and provided an example to his men with his personal courage, thus preventing the army from scattering."

Having taken control of the roads leading to Bártfa, the 13th Infantry Division subordinated to him occupied the town in an effort to cause a disturbance. However, the soon arriving Szurmay Group fortified with reinforcements drove his men back to Polish territory beyond the border.



In 1915, he was awarded the Order of St. George third class for his efforts in pushing the enemy out of Volyn province, despite being numerically outnumbered. Having taken part in the Brusilov Offensive, he was appointed the commander of Army Corps XXIII. in November 1916. After the Revolution of February 1917, however, he was placed in reserve in Kyiv, where he worked for the Alexander’s Committee for the Wounded.

Following the October Revolution, he joined the Volunteer Army fighting the Red Army in southern Russia.

In 1920, after the Communist takeover of power, he fled to Yugoslavia and became the leader of the fourth division of the Russian All-Military Union (POBC) and chairman of the council of the United Society of Officers. He initiated the publication of the newspaper "Russian Military Gazette", renamed "Tsar’s Newspaper" in 1927.

He died in 1937 in Belgrade.

Nikolai Alexandrovych Orlov - Moscow, 8th April 1855 – circa 1917

Nikolai Alexandrovych Orlov was born to a family of Muscovite noblemen in 1855. Having pursued military studies in his city of birth and St. Petersburg, he began service with the 13th Artillery Brigade in 1874. With this unit, he took part in several clashes during the Russo-Turkish war, earning him the Order of St. Stanislaus third class. After the end of the war, he enrolled at the General Staff Academy and later launched a teaching career at a number of military academies. Already during his time as a university lecturer, he gained a solid reputation and was highly popular. In this period, he was also a member of the editorial board of the volume "Encyclopaedia of Military and Nautical Sciences" and published a book on the military use of hot air balloons.

However, Orlov was also known as a pioneer of Russian aviation in addition to his writings and lectures on warfare. In 1886, the air traffic park near the city of Brest was established with him as its leader, and he was also among the first to propose the launch of hydrogen-propelled air transportation in Russia. Later, he served in the Office of the High Command as was appointed the secretary of the High Command Academy in 1892.

As commander of the Transbaikal Cossack Division, he contributed to defeating the Boxer Rebellion in China and became military leader of the city of Hailar. His service on the battlefield continued into the Russo-Japanese War, during which he was injured and hailed a “dauntless hero” and an "exquisite leader" upon his return home despite the crushing defeat suffered by Russia.

In the initial phase of World War I, he served as commander of the Russian Army Corps VIII. in the rank of lieutenant-general. In recognition of his merits in successful advancement during the autumn, he was awarded the Gold Sword of Bravery decoration. As the year came to an end, he received orders to push forward with his entire army corps and take control of Neu Sandez and occupy Limanowa.



Despite the operation’s failure, he was appointed infantry general on 12th December 1914; however, some days later, he was placed in reserve and directed to the Kyiv military district. Finally, he was demobilised due to illness on 7th May 1915.

While the exact date of his death remains unknown, an infantry general by the name of Orlov still appears in a 1917 register of St. Petersburg addresses.

That's all for today!

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