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Age of Muskets Volume I: Tomb for an Empire» Forums » Sessions

Subject: Vittoria 1813 AAR rss

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Mikolaj L.
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June 1813 brought armistice in Germany and Allied offensive in Spain. After gathering supplies Duke Wellington launched an offensive against King Joseph force around Valladolid. Marshal Soult, the only men after Massena and Marmont capable of stopping English general was gone.

The British moved first pushing the advance guard of Gazan's corps at Tordesillas with 1,000 loss. Taking advantage of French disorganization in high command, Wellington attacked Gazan's and Reille's corps near Valladolid, which were separated by river from King Joseph reserves. Spanish 6th Army, (old Galicia army before reforms of Constitution of 1812) also joined the battle under the command of Allied Generalissmo.

The French defended bravely, at the evening, finally, king Joseph joined the battle saving the French from defeat and turning the battle into draw. However the losses clearly said who won the battle. Allies lost 2,000 men while French 6,000. Next day Duke Wellington attacked again, French again stood firmly, somewhat due to their more numerous cavalry, but for a price. Allies lost 1,000 while French 6,000. The next day king Joseph withdraw with whole army to Valladolid, from there further north toward Burgos fortress. Wellington moved slowly after the enemy and took their magazines at old Spanish city.



Meanwhile in the north Armee du Nord abandoned Basque Country and concentrated at Burgos straggling badly due to guerrillas activities. From the sea British naval division and Longa's guerrillas moved to join main Allied forces...

Losses:
French: 29,000
British: 3,000
Spanish: 4,000

End of the month brought orders from Germany recalling artillery and one-third of the cavalry to the Napoleon. August did not begin well for French...

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Mikolaj L.
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August 1813 was the day of last great victory of Napoleonic forces under Napoleon at Dresden in Germany. However his commanders lost that month four important battles. At Kulm, Grossberen and Katsbach. The fourth was in Spain, north of Valladolid. Wellington moved first against King Joseph who was north of old Spanish capital waiting for Armee du Nord to secure his line of communications. It was a mistake. The Spanish and British detechments cut this LoC and then Wellington stroke with his great Allied army. King Joseph supported by such generals like Reille, Gazan or d'Erlon was not worse then Wellington when it came to planning and executing battle orders. However the French soldiers were no longer one from Austerlitz. British veterans commanded by master of tactical warfare routed French troops after long battle with 5,000 to 1,000 loss. With nowhere to retreat they have surrendered, all 55,000 remaining.
After that victory Wellington stroke at Clausel who moved south from Burgos, he caught him and routed in battle with 8,000 loss, lack of French cavalry was fatal for them. Clausel retreated to Burgos and closed himself in the fortress. The route to France was cut with guerillas which were outnumbering him....
It was the end of French Spain. Napoleon was forced to abandon Germany in September of 1813 sending marshal Soult with troops from this front to southern France.



Losses:
French: 97,000
British: 6,000
Spanish: 8,000

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