Yesterday, we played a session of Italia and after 6 hours of play we finished the game and came to the conclusion that we had had a blast! So here is a little bit of a different session-report ...a history class with Dr. Dimiti Messanos of the Pyrrhos University of Syracuse about the great war of the Mediterranean and how the Epirotes became the last remaining power of the antic ages.
Good morning dear students, today I have the honor to present you with a rough overview of the antic history of our great nation.
But let´s begin with something different, let´s begin with the ancient history of Rome, the Italians, Greeks and Carthage...everyone of them had the chance to become a great and potent power in the Mediterranean, and who knows what different course the history could have taken, if some things had gone different! Maybe we would be talking in this funny language they are still speaking in and around this little city of Rome now. *students laughing*
So at the beginning, the Greeks under their leader Dionysus were very successful in driving the Carthaginians out of Sicily and even engaged their fleet, meanwhile in the north the city of Rome was raided by the Celts under Brennus. But this only seemed to awaken a sleeping giant, because the Romans started to conquer and subjecet every tribe they could, starting with the Sammnites and the Celts.
The Celts in Rome
The beginning of 310 B.C. saw the second phase of the Greek-Carthaginian War. Under their Admiral Mago, the Carthaginians tried to destroy the Greek fleet with a massive amount of warships. The two fleets met their destiny in the bay of Massena. The battle raged only one hour, after which the Carthaginians lost their position as a major naval power (4 vs 4 fleet, Carthaginians led by Mago i.e. +2 DRM...first round saw 3 destroyed Carthaginians and 0 Greeks).
After this, the Greeks massed a large expeditionary army to conquer the more or less defenseless Carthage itself.
The ballte of Massena
But we all know what came next. Out of the east our great founding father Pyrrhos landed 280 B.C. with his host at the very east of the Italian Main at Calabria. Within only a few months, he destroyed the other Greek tyrants and could establish his rule on Sicily. The Greek counterattack on their expedition force was partly successful, but the losses were too high, and the Epirotes threw them back into the sea. But for the next 200 years the Greek pirates were the terror of the Mediterranean.
The founding father
Just as the Romans put the last of the free tribes, the Etruscans, into submission, the Carthaginian General Hannibal had an idea: if they had no fleet, they could march over the Alps and destroy Rome, the overlord of the free Greek pirates. And they came. With a massive army, Hannibal crossed the mountains, led the tribes of the Po into open revolt and destroyed every legion in his way only to burn Rome down. Meanwhile the Consularlegions, the elite of the Romans, were campaigning on Corsica and Sardinia. But the Romans just didn´t capitulate. They built new legions and threw them at the exhausted Carthaginians, and just north of the city of Rome Hannibal died in battle.
The next 200 years saw only minor changes. Rome was too weak to be a real great power. The leader of the Celts and Etruscans led their people into a free future, Carthage was weakened by the Numidians and destroyed by the Romans. The whole of Italy was in chaos, and the only place of peace, science and culture was Sicily under the rule of the successors of Pyrrhos, who then started to conquer the whole of the Mediterranean ...but this in the next lesson. Thank you for your attention.