I'm not sure I understand.Nope. It's rare, but it can happen and it can work.
If there are zero chips, didn't the game end last turn?
I know there can be a situation where you gain the last VP from beng the Prestige leader on the last turn, but this seems overwhelmingly niche.
Am I missng something otherwise?
However, if the score is tight, make sure your opponents don't Alien Departure Point and/or Pan-Galactic Hologrid + cards in hand. They'll gladly discard a card for PP. That can be disastrous if they have Federation Capitol and/or Pan-Galactic Affluence which makes them worth even more points. And then there's the changing of Galactic Prestige goal.
OTOH, if you do call I, but someone did call II or III, you could end up giving them a card they really needed. Ohh the intracacies of it all