Re:El Gringo and the volcanic
I would consider the volcanic card a direct hit (unlike the dynamite card which is not credited as a "direct" hit attack). That being said, El Gringo can draw a card every time he is hit... so by definition he has to get life taken off and draw a card at that point from the person shooting him. If he gets a card before the last life is taken he can play it, or else he's done for. If he draws a missed card after the last life is taken he is dead, but if it's a beer he could play it to stay in the game and continue processing the hits from the volcanic.