Jan van der Laan wrote:
Rules 10.7.2 and 10.7.3 specifically state: no terrain shift modifiers are used during a counterattack/blow. Does this include the so called Objective Hexside Defense Shift? So counterattacking a unit in Leningrad doesn't modify the shifts two (one for the city and one for the objective hexside) to the left for the defending unit?
This is correct. If you are "Counterattacking" somebody "in" Leningrad it means that the units are not really in the defensive positions, but were out to attack you Then they got the "CA" result. Or that you did infiltrate the hex successfully (a Counterblow forcing the unit in Lenigrad to attack, and getting a "CA" result.
Do note that each hex is 100km across! And even Stalingrad fell to the Germans at the end (except for a few very small pockets of troops).