Pennsylvania Dutch. Inventend by a German immigrant.
I remember playing this with my mother in the seventies, and I am pretty sure she learnt it from her mother sometime during or just after WW2. My sister inherited a book "Das grosse Buch der Spiele" (great book btw!) where the rules for "Rasender Teufel" was written, which has just the rules as in Dutch Blitz, but with standard 52 playing cards, and without the boy/girl-rule. That book was written sometime before WW2 by anothe guy. I am not so sure the German immigrant really invented it, but certainly commercialized it. The same goes for Michael Michaels and his Ligretto.