Up Nort' Der
We must move forward, not backward, upward, not forward, and always twirling, twirling, twirling towards freedom!
It would seem in a strange way that in the first battle that since player B "won" the seamanship battle that they should have taken damage but escaped. Sounds like you played it correctly.
Thematically, Ship B (fleeing) did manage to outmaneuver Ship A (shooting) by enough to avoid taking a full broadsides, but not by enough to avoid taking damage entirely or to get out of range and escape.