From the FAQ at the end of the rulebook:
'Standard Achievement' refers to any base, Echoes or Figures card that ends up in your achievements pile, regardless of how it got there. So, if you claim a card as an achievement due to a dogma or karma effect, it will cause your opponents to draw a Figure.
Unfortunately, as stated in another thread, this FAQ is not correct.
An opponent is entitled to a Figure draw only on the achievement gained from taking an Achievement action. Karma and dogma effects do not count.