Just stumbled over an odd effect in the boarding rules section of ACTA: Noble Armada.
Imagine the following scenario: A harmless Wayfarer class (Troops: 1) crosses the path of an Anikrunta dreadnought (Troops: 16). The Wayfarer gets grappled and boarded. 16 brutish marines attack the sole defender. An inevitable result - 16:1 combat dice - The Anikrunta's troops seize the smaller ship and stay on board.
The Wayfarer is now controlled by the player who boarded the ship. He now has a very fast and maneuverable ship (Speed 16, Turn: 2/90°) chock-full with 16 bad-tempered marines. A ship that had a troop capacity of 1 may now attack with a troop capacity of 16!
Or did I miss a paragraph about the redistribution of troops after combat?